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The Secretive Gold Deal Keeping Venezuela Afloat


Day-to-day life for the average
Venezuelan is a struggle, from the moment you wake up to the moment you go to sleep. From waking up and trying
to turn the lights on, to finding out that the
power went out overnight, and then trying to take
your morning shower, to find out that you
have no water at home. Then paying for everything has become increasingly
complicated, there’s no cash. Venezuela finding itself
without access to dollars, without access to banks, without access to avenues of
finance, even for their oil, came to the realization, I
guess, that it needed money, and it needed to find a way to get cash when most of the world didn’t want to give ’em access to cash. All assets of Maduro,
subject to U.S. jurisdiction, are frozen. So now that U.S. sanctions
have effectively cut off Maduro’s access to a
global financial network, gold is the last lifeline that Maduro has. [Television Announcer] Reports
claim the Maduro regime is selling out the country’s gold reserves to ease the pressure of
international sanctions. In the last couple of years, on the side, and sort of in secret, the Venezuelans and the
Turks started setting up a pretty sophisticated web of trade of food and gold between
the two countries. We’re not sure who’s winning from the sale of Venezuela’s gold, but what’s clear is that the
Venezuelan people are losing. My name is Michael Smith, and I’m a reporter for the
project and investigations team here at Bloomberg News. My name is Patricia Laya, and I’m Bloomberg’s
Venezuela bureau chief, and I write about Venezuela’s
clandestine gold sales. So the situation in
Venezuela is really bad, and there’s currently sort
of two worlds in Venezuela, one world is for the people
who have access to dollars. You can probably afford to
have a power generator at home in case the power goes out, and you can probably have
a water tank installed for when there’s shortages of water. Now there’s the second
world, that’s the world that the vast majority
of Venezuelans live in, and it’s the world where
you live in bolivares. There’s shortages of food, inflation runs in the
thousands, tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands
percent, nobody really knows. Which means, your savings
have long been gone. There’s extreme levels of crime that makes life extremely difficult for anyone who’s just
sort of living there. You have a whole population
that’s subdued by hunger, and that’s also under the
control of the government, who’s become their sole provider. People who can’t really
think of an economic future because they can’t think beyond
the day that they’re living. Nicolas Maduro is a former bus driver and a former union leader. Maduro came to power in
2013, when Hugo Chavez died. And he was basically Chavez’s
handpicked successor. Outwardly, their message was that they wanted to spread
the country’s oil wealth fairly among the poorest Venezuelans. And for a while, they were able to, when oil prices were really high, they funneled much of that money through social programs in Venezuela. But they’ve been heavily corrupted in so many different ways,
and bungled, and misapplied, that they’ve really turned into something that has just had an
incredibly detrimental effect on the people of Venezuela
in many, many different ways. And when oil prices crashed, the whole economy came crashing down, ’cause Venezuela depends on
95% of its revenue on oil. How bad is it, and is
there any end in sight? It’s terrible, it’s getting worse, basically Maduro is
waging economic warfare against his own people, his own country. An abuse of power that
started with Chavez, that allowed him to not just change the country’s constitution, but also fill the country’s courts and the electoral authority with people that were loyal to him, and that allowed the country to completely eliminate any
sort of democratic institution. Maduro has given most of
the government’s control to the military, so the feeling is that, if
Maduro falls, they fall. So, they have formed a bond
through money laundering, fraud, and all sorts
of illegal businesses. [Television Reporter] A
first shipment of gold bars has arrived in Venezuela
after President Hugo Chavez recalled almost all the country’s
foreign bullion reserves from western banks. So in 2011, shortly after
the US economic crisis and the European debt crisis, Chavez basically used that as an excuse to have about 11 billion worth of Venezuela’s gold repatriated
from banks in North America, banks in Europe, back to Venezuela. He said that it was a measure to safeguard against financial
instability around the world. And that move by Chavez
almost a decade ago is what’s keeping Maduro
selling gold nowadays. It’s legal for Maduro to sell his gold, but what’s happened is
that after U.S. sanctions, a lot of the buyers have been spooked. So what’s happened is that they’ve begun to sell the gold in secrecy. [Reporter] On Venezuela, you did the tough sanctions and you sent the aid, but it seems like Maduro
is no closer to leaving. We really haven’t done the
really tough sanctions yet. We can do the tough sanctions
and all options are open. We want Maduro to leave so there can be free and fair elections, with the ultimate goal of ensuring that there’s democracy
and freedom in Venezuela. The U.S. has imposed sanctions on Venezuela more than a decade ago, but they never went further than individual targeted
sanctions until 2017. We have our eye very closely on Venezuela, Since President Trump took office, they were just accelerated
to cover hundreds of people and companies and government entities and that sort of thing. We have continued to expose the corruption of Maduro and his cronies
and today’s action ensures they can no longer loot the
assets of the Venezuelan people. US sanctions can be
devastating for the people and companies that are targeted, they’re listed and targets of sanctions. You become a pariah in the
system of commerce and finance. Unless you’re in a country that will allow you to do
business despite US sanctions, and that’s what’s going on with Turkey. [News Anchor] Let’s get straight to the
breaking news overnight. An attempted coup leading to chaos, death, and instability in Turkey. In July of 2016, there was a coup attempt in Turkey against the government President Erdogan, and it was a serious material threat to the Erdogan government. The US watching this sudden uprising with concern. Erdogan felt isolated, he wasn’t getting much support from anyone in the world that day, and one of the first calls he got was from a representative of
the Venezuelan government, who contacted the Turkish
embassy in Venezuela, and said, “We’re with you, we know what it’s like to be
a victim of a coup attempt, we’re pretty sure the U.S.
government was behind it somewhat, we’re with you.” And that contact, which went all the way up to
the president of Venezuela and the president of Turkey, was really sort of the seed that turned into a conduit
for the Venezuelans to get their gold out of the country, and to turn it into money. There’s been a tremendous trade of gold, tons and tons and tons and tons of it, that has left Venezuela, a lot of the national
reserves have been sold off. He still has this lifeline
that’s available to him, and that he’s clearly been
able to get away with. We’ve seen him do a multitude
of gold sales this year, despite the sanctions that are in place, so they realized that he still has a way to prop up his regime
and to stay in power. There is an estimated eighty tonnes
left at the central bank. That’s about $3.5 billion worth. What’s left right now is only
enough for six more months of food subsidies for Venezuela’s people, so if Venezuela runs out of gold, we don’t really know
what’s going to happen. What we do know is that they
are feeling the pressure, and this pressure of knowing
that gold can soon run out is what’s bringing them to
negotiate with the opposition. To predict where things
are going in Venezuela is a dangerous game in my experience. You could always find people saying, “Oh, this can’t go on any longer, it’s gonna collapse,” but I think it’s a very
complex crisis there and it’s gonna be very
difficult to find a solution that really works quickly, I think.

100 Comments

  1. forever0042000
    forever0042000 October 8, 2019

    what is he suppose to do? let people die? the other idiot wanted american intervention on the other hand this guy is selling gold to keep his country and people up float who is the better man in all this. Its amazing how they keep selling venez. to the world.

  2. forever0042000
    forever0042000 October 8, 2019

    what is he suppose to do? let people die? the other idiot wanted american intervention on the other hand this guy is selling gold to keep his country and people up float who is the better man in all this. Its amazing how they keep selling venez. to the world.

  3. forever0042000
    forever0042000 October 8, 2019

    Make these documentaries about israel

  4. Mad Cem
    Mad Cem October 8, 2019

    CAN YOU MAKE AN INVESTIGATION ON F.E.D ???? sweep your home

  5. theartplaza
    theartplaza October 8, 2019

    Do you really think Bloomberg is worries about the Venezuelan people?$$? Michael Bloomberg is worries 48 billion dollars. Isn't it ironic when billionaires worry about the poor? Curious too how she isn't reporting on illegal sanctions and how the bank of Britain kept over a billion dollars from the Venezuelan legitimate government. The U.S also froze unilaterally Venezuela's assets. In the court system that's called strong arm robbery. Actually it would probably be more like armed robbery with an attempted home invasion. What billionaire interest do you think Bloomberg has in Venezuela?

  6. Daniel Conner
    Daniel Conner October 8, 2019

    Ask Turkey for food, we gladly send you.

  7. Thaabit Martin
    Thaabit Martin October 8, 2019

    Totally fake news and totally american propaganda for sure!stay strong Venezuela stay strong amigos!

  8. singhvinay1000
    singhvinay1000 October 8, 2019

    Putting these kind of sanction on the name of democracy will not work. USA always think about himself . Which is bad.

  9. theartplaza
    theartplaza October 8, 2019

    How come Bush's terms weren't considered a regime? They only regime in the world is the U.S.

  10. noire987
    noire987 October 8, 2019

    terrible news production

  11. Backed by Gold
    Backed by Gold October 8, 2019

    Join the BRICS countries to ditch that dammed petrodollars, drop all those treasury bonds and backed by the gold & the silver for the betterment of the world!

  12. du nguyen
    du nguyen October 8, 2019

    US power is loosing bit by bit everyday , She is not winning any war since Korea war ,a tiger will not win a pack of wolf
    world is changing fast

  13. Isreal Alberran
    Isreal Alberran October 8, 2019

    People im thinking what happen to Haiti they need help but United States think different they want the oil of Venezuela not the people

  14. Santiago Ramírez
    Santiago Ramírez October 8, 2019

    Maduro is just like any other American, European or Israeli looter; they are all the exact same criminals looting the earth and the people.

  15. baralah
    baralah October 8, 2019

    Aahhhh, I just love when socialism works
    .
    .
    .
    NOT!

  16. Daniel Cuevas
    Daniel Cuevas October 8, 2019

    Turkey dose not care for them their interest in the gold only money talks hopefully they start buying their products also Opportunist is what I see.

  17. jia Mini
    jia Mini October 8, 2019

    The secretive deal to make America great again

  18. Nenad Trumbetas
    Nenad Trumbetas October 8, 2019

    Does anyone belive this propaganda?

  19. Joe Smith
    Joe Smith October 8, 2019

    Vevezuela country's problems , brought-on by the US, is what karma will be paying back to the US economy, very soon…because the same type of rich suckers are ripping-off this country'$ middle-class & poorer workers on the daily, just wait and see?
    And many still want to keep worshipping the TV acting presidents that are picked & chosen by big corporations who don't like 'unions & their organized workers' and bending to them to pay fairly to 'em!
    That's where the currupt politicians who are bought & sold to/by them(pass laws to benefit those same big corporations) come into play, here in this country's gov?!
    And everyone knows all this BS is going on!
    That's why no one trust this government any longer! [No pay, No play gov systems!] (🐦).

  20. Amjad Jaradat
    Amjad Jaradat October 8, 2019

    Venezuelans you need to know that Americans and the west are Taitors we muslims have been fighting them for 14 centuries and still they are fighting to implement their evil on the world, they are the "white menace". Stand strong and have faith in other world leaders and immediately cut your ties with white people or they'll make a pinata out of your country lmao

  21. Zareer HZ
    Zareer HZ October 8, 2019

    WOW! What a report! Maduro is waging economic war against his people? And USA is imposing gentle sanction on Vanazuela. So inhuman human of the world crying for Vanazuela's Gold.

  22. Eugene Wong
    Eugene Wong October 8, 2019

    Bloomberg, fake news specialist!, I know gaido is better

  23. Upin Theair
    Upin Theair October 8, 2019

    There was never democracy in Venezuela, nor in its neighbouring countries and Islands. US sanctions is just theft of Venezuela's money.

  24. Upin Theair
    Upin Theair October 8, 2019

    The US is too late to change anything in any other country. The first country the US must help is US itself. The US gave away all its classified information to India. India is silently taking over the world and not the Chinese.

  25. Michael Celtics
    Michael Celtics October 8, 2019

    If we really want to help the people of Venezuela then nust left the sanctions. It is as simple as that. But we do not care about the Venezuelan people, we just want their oil.

  26. Çetin Yıldız
    Çetin Yıldız October 8, 2019

    Just the killer and the colonialist in America

  27. Konstantiniyye 1453
    Konstantiniyye 1453 October 8, 2019

    Turkey will be with Venezuela! Erdogan and the turks are not backstabbers like most countries! The US rangs on the 1. place on this list!!!

  28. Sam Adam
    Sam Adam October 8, 2019

    Anyone with oil will get bombed !

  29. Bitcoin Master
    Bitcoin Master October 8, 2019

    Can't eat gold.

  30. Chising Wong
    Chising Wong October 8, 2019

    Then . Ask.. question.??

  31. Slippery When Wet!
    Slippery When Wet! October 8, 2019

    U.S. sanctions are killing the Venezuelan people .

  32. BearPaw
    BearPaw October 9, 2019

    Right from beginning this Chika whore should close her legs , disgusting whore

  33. John Smith
    John Smith October 9, 2019

    Bullshit American propaganda

  34. Fabian Segura
    Fabian Segura October 9, 2019

    To all that think the US can help Venezuela, what a joke! The USA doesn't want any other country in the Americas to be as wealthy as the USA. What makes you think they'll help Venezuela succeed?

  35. ginger bread
    ginger bread October 9, 2019

    When enki returns for his worldly ransom.
    Only those who hold his gold safe shall not perish.

  36. Joshua Israel
    Joshua Israel October 9, 2019

    If the US goes to Venezuela, it won't be like in the middle east, is different people, they are not Arabs, if will prob be more like germany…

  37. lughman watandust
    lughman watandust October 9, 2019

    Isn't it time for Balkanization of Turkey?

  38. Son ofsurv
    Son ofsurv October 9, 2019

    Lift those sanctions and see socialism work for the people of Venezuela.

  39. P1STOL P.
    P1STOL P. October 9, 2019

    u.s should leave them and there oil the fuck alone..

  40. Jaspal Singh Sindharh
    Jaspal Singh Sindharh October 9, 2019

    What a garbage report. Not worthy of Bloomberg. nothing about gold or economics. Waste of time.

  41. Nick Filopoulos
    Nick Filopoulos October 9, 2019

    The war criminals of America they should be live the independent country to live their lives peacefully without the bullying dictatorship of America,and you are wrong the people of the world they are not with you stop interfering in other countries.

  42. inn h
    inn h October 9, 2019

    Economy terrorism……

  43. Saladin Gucman
    Saladin Gucman October 9, 2019

    Erdogan ♥️

  44. Ihaia Rongonui
    Ihaia Rongonui October 9, 2019

    The USA government are to blame they don’t care about the people in Venezuela the Venezuela people should support there government he cares about the poor folk and the USA want to turn the people against the president of Venezuela that is all , the oil markets are corrupt towards Venezuela.

  45. AmerBoyo
    AmerBoyo October 9, 2019

    Well they certainly don’t do anything to disprove the oil conspiracy stories! Poor Venezuela. Solar panels and electric cars needed, let’s put a stop to this nonsense once and for all!

  46. Jānis Rišis
    Jānis Rišis October 9, 2019

    Definetly can say there leader inside mind is terible person.

  47. John Davis
    John Davis October 9, 2019

    He is a Trump hater just like the rich cultural marxists in American

  48. John Davis
    John Davis October 9, 2019

    Where the fuck is the Chinese money to save them.

  49. John Davis
    John Davis October 9, 2019

    If Maduro doesn't want to be like America, at least be like China not the Soviet Union.

  50. John Davis
    John Davis October 9, 2019

    They are turning their oil into gold to survive. Maduro only cares about enriching his friends and family not the general population, but he has brainwashed the people to believe so. This is what the problem with communism is.

  51. ANDY CHEONG
    ANDY CHEONG October 9, 2019

    To all VENEZUELA. Pleased support President Madura. Don't worry about American and Allied sanctions. You still got friends. China, Russian , Cuba , North Korea. So many. You are not alone.

  52. Tsoy Family
    Tsoy Family October 9, 2019

    brainwashing??? this is so bias

  53. Tsoy Family
    Tsoy Family October 9, 2019

    All of this sh** happening in Venezuela is thanx to sanctions from US with love

  54. Rene Ramirez
    Rene Ramirez October 9, 2019

    Huh wtf. Screw Bloomberg and their racist billionaire club agenda. Go back to Europe. We kicking you out by one latin american country at a time for your complicity in supporting murderous dictators who commit genocide on our indigenous brothers and sisters. Racist bastards. Mexico check, Venezuela check, Bolivia check, now Ecuardor check, soon Argentina and Peru check, then all the others check check check.

  55. V.Dell15 Sului
    V.Dell15 Sului October 9, 2019

    Venezuela should talk to China🤙🏾

  56. - Anonymous
    - Anonymous October 9, 2019

    Maduro is just a faggot ass bus driver. Sorry ass clown. Kill him I'm sure US would feed your family for generations.

  57. - Anonymous
    - Anonymous October 9, 2019

    Kill the bus driver.

  58. BubbleBreak
    BubbleBreak October 9, 2019

    Really genius move with the gold reserves. The west couldn’t refuse at the time because it would undermine trust in the shaky global financial system. Now, with the gold safely at home, the west cannot steal it like it has stolen all other overseas Venezuelan assets

  59. Absolute Anonomity
    Absolute Anonomity October 9, 2019

    Shouldn't America and the other western countries be ashamed for driving Venezuellans to starvation by imposing illegal sanctions on them? Why is it western goverments' concern who the venezuellan people chose as their president? Venezuella refuses to become a vassal state to America and to Europe. Venezuellan people are decent, have dignity and pride. Leave them alone and let them decide their own affairs just as the westerners do. And don't forget; nobody tried to punish American people for chosing Donald Trump as their president! Why should you?

  60. Aristidis Dragona Stavros
    Aristidis Dragona Stavros October 9, 2019

    I know it these two were criminal friends!!

  61. Absolute Anonomity
    Absolute Anonomity October 9, 2019

    Lift the oil embargo imposed on Venezuella and ask the Turks to go into Venezuella to start production there and provide for the Venezuellans. They will surely do.

  62. Alom ze don
    Alom ze don October 9, 2019

    Propaganda video.. Its tough everywhere in the world just different levels

  63. Galiley ThaDon
    Galiley ThaDon October 10, 2019

    Bitch America

  64. prospecops
    prospecops October 10, 2019

    Some poeple will sell out their country for gold, others sell out their gold for food

  65. Rocketra28
    Rocketra28 October 10, 2019

    US put a sanction on Venezuela and now telling the world how Venezuelan are suffering without cash, water, electricity..seems legit.

  66. America Sukkks
    America Sukkks October 10, 2019

    Venezuela needs capitalism

  67. Don Luis Guerra
    Don Luis Guerra October 10, 2019

    The best example of "journalists" being tools of the US Empire. They say things that sound like they know but…. remember the reporters who "reported" about Iraq, Syria, Lybia. They sounded like they knew something but they are simply "paid" stenographers for the empire. Simpletons pretending!!!1

  68. Steve Padgett
    Steve Padgett October 10, 2019

    Venezuela under Chavez failed to develop its internal economy – huge mistake because now they are dependent on foreign imports. US is effectively blockading imports through economic sanctions to bring down the Chavista’s government because it nationalized the oil industry, which means they took the oil profit from the rich and gave it to the lower class by educating them and providing better housing and food. Now they will be blockaded until they give back the oil to the original owners, the lower class have the option to return to poverty or to starve to death as US tightens the noose of sanctions. Venezuela is on the front line of the struggle between capitalism and socialism. I am rooting for the Chavistas who represent the majority of the people.

  69. jamal ali
    jamal ali October 10, 2019

    What sickening bullshit propaganda!! Get the fuck outta here. USA sponsored media machine. Stop sanctions & punishment for ordinary people. Didn’t Bolton say “we want American companies to get a share of Venezuela’s oil” literally before he got fired. 🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾🖕🏾.

  70. sayfrunner
    sayfrunner October 10, 2019

    lol @Bloomberg, liberator of the "poor and oppressed"

  71. ferhat tuzer
    ferhat tuzer October 10, 2019

    I think that in this video were made propaganda by lover us
    Turkey and turkısh people have never exploited to anywhere, anyone since before

  72. Skyrock 12345
    Skyrock 12345 October 10, 2019

    Two americans reporting hey look isnt america theone who placed thesanctions in the first place

  73. Excelsius Dei
    Excelsius Dei October 10, 2019

    Venezuela still has the potential to be the Saudi Arabia of South America

  74. Harry Afacan
    Harry Afacan October 10, 2019

    idiots, be thankful. its the U.S who wants your oil & has put sanctions on your country to starve your people & somehow you wanna blame turkey now for your problems you israeli puppet journalists. The U.S has put sanction on your people. idiot retarts.

  75. Alfredo Guerrero
    Alfredo Guerrero October 10, 2019

    BS the US imposed an embargo to get to Venezuela oil reserves..

  76. capital punishment
    capital punishment October 10, 2019

    It's funny how you don't hear much about Venezuela.

  77. AntiSocial Atheist
    AntiSocial Atheist October 10, 2019

    Venezuela wouldn't be in the shape it's in if it wasn't for the US. They want to steal their oil. Ever since Exxon Mobil was booted the US has had it out for them. America is horrible. Maduro is terrible but America is a big problem for the people of Venezuela

  78. Badem Gözlü impala
    Badem Gözlü impala October 10, 2019

    🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷🙏🙏🙏

  79. Xid RK
    Xid RK October 11, 2019

    Start doing services for dollars. Convince a small community around you. Give dollars to and promote.
    It's a stable currency. Leave that unstable home-currency. Only accept dollars and soon others will follow.

  80. Arcana Imperii
    Arcana Imperii October 11, 2019

    And yet we keep turkey in NATO. KICK THEM OUT!

  81. Ajith Prasanth
    Ajith Prasanth October 11, 2019

    Turkey is going the same route of their best friends.. Pakistan & Venezuela.. Failed states😂😂😂

  82. StralE
    StralE October 11, 2019

    Gotta give it to the americans.. They impose sanctions because Venezuela does not want to be puppet state and now brainwash people that is all Venezuela cruel regime fault… I guess that kind of propaganda worked in cold war but now no one is that deluded…

  83. phantomtq
    phantomtq October 11, 2019

    At this point Venezuela should just declare bankruptcy

  84. Mayo Salt
    Mayo Salt October 11, 2019

    They want to control that oil

  85. vincent fong
    vincent fong October 11, 2019

    How can they live like African when they all have so much commodity to sell ? It must be the mindset of the government and the peoples heavy reliance on those assets ..

  86. Abdul Mussawir
    Abdul Mussawir October 11, 2019

    This bitch is a CIA agent the prick reporter is a CIA agent Maduro al the way a warrior fuck United Snakes of America

  87. Yuri Smizov
    Yuri Smizov October 11, 2019

    Just like California

  88. Bloomberg
    Bloomberg October 11, 2019

    El video tiene subtítulos disponibles en español. Para cambiar a subtítulos en español, haga clic en el ícono de ajustes y seleccione Subtitles / CC > Spanish.

  89. TruThatTucson
    TruThatTucson October 11, 2019

    Lets be friends with Venezuela.

  90. Ben Hendricks
    Ben Hendricks October 12, 2019

    So like, we cut them off from the rest of the world and then screech “socialism!!!” … that’s wonderful.

  91. Prateek Arora
    Prateek Arora October 12, 2019

    So, just because US has to be a big bad nosy do gooder, it's gonna let a whole country suffer? Is that the only way?

  92. Esteban Pardo
    Esteban Pardo October 12, 2019

    What a joke of news how can these people be call journalist they don’t mention sanctions USA economic warfare and embargo and how they stoled assets from a sovereign country.

  93. Aaron Couch
    Aaron Couch October 12, 2019

    US trying to kill people with sanctions again!!!

  94. Dalop Phtty
    Dalop Phtty October 12, 2019

    bitcoin use .stop being stupid and greedy help ur brothers and sisters .the gov is a waste cuz they are not trying saving a life isnt hard not saving a life is premeatated

  95. Mohammad Alamawi
    Mohammad Alamawi October 12, 2019

    Imperial point of view, dont except us to believe your reports.

  96. Ion Pribeagu
    Ion Pribeagu October 12, 2019

    BS comments… bloomberg type? that is what happen when controlling money changers are angry on idiots

  97. jake A
    jake A October 12, 2019

    Bloomberg do you think people are stupid ? You filthy country , people and diplomacy . This is why the whole world hates you

  98. Texasranger793
    Texasranger793 October 12, 2019

    Venezuela sweetie…. young South Africans will help you. the South African government has yet to be governed by people who grew up in the same ecosystem as the country their governing. we’ve seen white monopoly capital, we’ve seen corruption & we’ve seen poverty. Lmao. there’s a seasoned understanding of how to ACTUALLY run a country; what works & what doesn’t.

    even in Africa the western region has the biggest economy & the least regard for other nations. the South African government relaxed the borders & hospitality has since been abused. the youth did not take kindly to Nigeria’s impact on SA’s international reputation. and calling on the African Union to sanction SA doesn’t sit well with the next group of politicians

    Venezuela will bounce back.

  99. maria del sagrario abel de la cruz
    maria del sagrario abel de la cruz October 12, 2019

    Muchas gracias……. EXCELENTE

  100. Sub Ab
    Sub Ab October 12, 2019

    Venezuelan people will be winning only if the gold is given to an American elite. Otherwise Venezuelans are loosing.

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