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The Many U.S. Presidents Before George Washington

Schools in the United States teach children
from an early age that the first president of the United States was George Washington. But teachers often forget to mention a small,
kind of important detail- George Washington was the first U.S. president under the current
United States Constitution, but he wasn’t the country’s first president. Before the U.S. Constitution came into being,
the Articles of Confederation served as the glue which held all thirteen states together
as a single country. (See: The Articles of Confederation: The Constitution
Before the Constitution) The Articles went into effect in 1781, and they established
a loose alliance among the states. The Articles also defined the role of Congress
to oversee the national needs, as well as the office of the president. Due to the fear of giving too much power to
one person, the office of president was extremely limited in power and scope, and was not even
a paid position. Rather, the primary roles of the president
at this time were simply to preside over meetings and handle various state correspondence. The president was also the one who signed
official congressional documents. So who were these individuals who served such
a lackluster position as the office of president? John_HansonThe first president of the United
States under the Articles of Confederation was John Hanson from Maryland. His term began in 1781 and ended in 1782. He at first attempted to resign directly after
being elected (with so little power given to the office and no pay to boot, few wanted
the position over political offices in their home states). However, ultimately a quorum could not be
reached to name a successor, so he decided to stay on as president. Being the country’s first full-term president
under the Articles of Confederation meant that he oversaw programs that helped to establish
daily life in the new country. For instance, Hanson held the position of
president when the government started on the road to creating what would become the U.S.
Post Office and the National Bank. The government also established a single,
uniform currency throughout the states under his mostly powerless watch. Elias_BoudinotElias Boudinot of New Jersey
became the second president, serving from 1782 until 1783. His presidency coincided with the official
end to the American Revolutionary War. Boudinot presided over the country when the
Treaty of Paris was signed in Paris on September 3, 1783. However, the Treaty of Paris did more than
simply end the war; it required that the United States be recognized as an independent country
and no longer a part of the British Empire. Besides being president, Boudinot was also
noteworthy for his era for advocating for the rights of both Native Americans and black
people, as well as directly sponsoring various youth among these groups so that they could
receive an education. Thomas_MifflinThomas Mifflin became the president
for the term of 1783 until 1784. He oversaw the ratification of the Treaty
of Paris during his presidency. Originally from Pennsylvania, he served under
General George Washington during the Revolutionary War. That former position, and Washington’s later
significance as the first president under the U.S. Constitution, made it somewhat ironic
that president Mifflin accepted George Washington’s resignation as Commander in Chief. Richard-Henry-LeeRichard Henry Lee of Virginia
served as the country’s fourth president from 1784 until 1785. His presidency might have been pretty uneventful,
but his political career afterwards was not. He became a vocal opponent of the now current
U.S. Constitution out of the fear that it would create a centralized government too
similar to the government that the colonies lived under as British citizens. He also hesitated because the document lacked
a Bill of Rights, though many of his later suggestions were incorporated into the United
States Bill of Rights. John-HancockJohn Hancock, most famous for
his large signature on the Declaration of Independence, held the position of the president
from 1785 to 1786. His life in politics began long before the
presidency, and he even helped to fund the American effort during the Revolutionary War. His life in politics continued after his tenure
as president under the Articles of Confederation. He was reelected as Governor of Massachusetts—a
position he resigned due to health before becoming president—and even ran against
George Washington in the first U.S. presidential election under the Constitution. He did not expect to win, but had hoped to
finish second so that he could become vice president. Ultimately that post went to John Adams. Nathaniel_GorhamNathaniel Gorham, also from
Massachusetts, served as the president under the Articles of Confederation from 1786 until
1787. Like many other presidents during the time,
his presidency was simply another item on his long list of political accomplishments. He began his career as a public notary who
quickly won election to the colonial legislature during the Revolutionary War. He served as a member of the legislature,
became a judge even though he lacked legal training, and even attended the Constitutional
Convention where he supported the new U.S. Constitution. As for Gorham’s family, his sister was the
wife of John Leighton, an ancestor of the second wife of Theodore Roosevelt, Edith Kermit
Carow Roosevelt. Arthur-St.-ClaireThe seventh president of
the United States was a man from Ohio named Arthur St. Clair. He held the position between 1787 and 1788. He left Congress after finishing his term. He then received the appointment to governor
of the Northwest Territory, a position where he often faced off with the Native Americans
who claimed they, in fact, owned the land. Despite once being enormously wealthy, St.
Clair ultimately died poor, with much of his wealth used to support the American Revolution
and young government. Late in life, he gave away the little money
that remained of his once vast fortune. Cyrus-GriffinCyrus Griffin of Virginia had
a background in law before he became the eighth and final president of the United States under
the Articles of Confederation. He helped to put the country’s new judicial
system on the path to becoming what we know today as the modern American court system
during his work at the Court of Appeals in Cases of Capture. He continued to contribute to the new country’s
court system after his presidency when he went on to become a judge with the District
Court of Virginia. There were also presidents before the presidents
under the ratified Articles of Confederation. These were Peyton Randolph, who served from
1774-1775 before taking a leave due to poor health; Henry Middleton, who served in Randolph’s
absence; John Hancock, who served for two years at this point (and would later serve
again, as noted above); Henry Laurens who ultimately resigned over a controversy concerning
diplomat Silas Deane; John Jay, who also served as Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court
at the same time he held the office of president; Samuel Huntington, who ultimately resigned
due to health problems (including smallpox), but has the distinction of being the president
when the Articles of Confederation were finally ratified; Samuel Johnston, who refused the
office of the president when elected; and Thomas McKean, who ultimately resigned after
the British surrender at Yorktown. McKean is notable as being the first president
elected after the ratification of the Articles of Confederation, but is generally not considered
the first president due to failing to serve a full year term as specified under the Articles
of Confederation. (McKean only served for three months.) A few weeks after his resignation, in November
of 1781, Congress met as specified in the Articles of Confederation (“the first Monday
in November”), with John Hanson being elected president. John Hanson’s grandfather paid his way to
America from England by becoming an indentured servant in the mid-17th century. By Hanson’s time, the family had rose significantly
in wealth, allowing Hanson to help fund the revolution both via general fundraising and
often paying soldiers out of his own pocket.


  1. Graeme Payne
    Graeme Payne February 20, 2020

    Having gone to high school in Maryland in the mid-1960s I did, of course, learn about John Hanson as the first President under the AofC – but little about the AofC themselves, and nothing about subsequent presidents under them. At one period in my like I spent a lot if time commuting each way on the John Hanson Highway.

  2. myutubechannel
    myutubechannel February 20, 2020

    0:30 maybe clean the camera lens next time….

  3. Robert E. Waters
    Robert E. Waters February 20, 2020

    No, no, no. You've reinforced a totally bogus urban legend with no basis in actual fact whatsoever. Total misinformation.

    George Washington was INDEED the first President of the United States. The "presidents" before him were NOT "Presidents of the United States." They were the presidents of the CONGRESS. There WAS no "President of the United States" under the Articles of Confederation! These bogus "presidents" were more analogous to the Speaker of the House today. These guys were NOT heads of state or government!

  4. Paul Woida
    Paul Woida February 20, 2020

    Hey, Simon, here's a great idea for a podcast. When did the US switch from electing the vice president separately from the president to electing both of them together with the same vote? And is this totally legal or just something done that no one questions.

  5. username
    username February 20, 2020

    If only the presidency was so irrelevant today.

  6. Squanto9
    Squanto9 February 20, 2020

    The (14) Pre-presidents were only heads of Congress and not head of an executive branch of gov't. They were no more PROTUS than a president of the glee club even though they could also be called president. I don't even think they were considered the Head of State.

  7. sion8
    sion8 February 20, 2020

    President of the United States ≠ President of Congress

  8. Chris L
    Chris L February 20, 2020

    As some have already said, these were not the first presidents. They were Presidents of the Congress of the United States, a legislative position. Their job was merely to preside over this legislative body. The President of the United States is an executive position. They are not the same position. They are not predecessors to Washington. There are no predecessors to Washington. He was 1st. This is terribly misleading information.

  9. Christopher Lantesh
    Christopher Lantesh February 20, 2020

    As a U.S. citizen I'm embarrassed to admit that I was not taught any of this in school. All we were ever taught is that George Washington was the first president. It would appear that our educational system needs a bit of adjustment.

  10. George J. Dorner
    George J. Dorner February 20, 2020

    Maryland school system in my wayback era taught that Hanson was first president under the massively unsuccessful Articles of Confederation. This fact was mentioned for amusement value, in a sort of Do you believe this?

  11. MrShanester117
    MrShanester117 February 20, 2020

    I clicked the wrong video. I was watching a video about a tree that owns itself wondering what the hell that had to do with Presidents

  12. M.J .H
    M.J .H February 20, 2020

    Is it just me or does Henry Middleton look like a colonial Vladimir Putin?

  13. David Kraftchak
    David Kraftchak February 20, 2020

    Surprised you didn’t mention the the reason John Hancock’s signature was so big on the Declaration was because he was president at the time.

  14. MediaMatters IsMyCockHolster
    MediaMatters IsMyCockHolster February 20, 2020

    articles of confederation = robocop worksheet.

  15. jopageri1964
    jopageri1964 February 20, 2020

    It's nice to see that this Brit is not at all bitter regarding our break from Mother England. This video is quite the revelation. So, this makes "45" really "65"? (I guess Mad Maxine will have to amend her vicious chant.)

  16. Jay Trace
    Jay Trace February 20, 2020

    How about a story about Howell Cobb, who was a General in the Confederate Army in the Civil War, was a provisional president of the Confederacy prior to Jefferson Davis, and narrowly missed being a President Of The United States for two days, due to Congressional age restrictions?

  17. kulturfreund66
    kulturfreund66 February 20, 2020

    Interesting. Never heard about the pre-constitutional presidents.

  18. Dawn Emile
    Dawn Emile February 20, 2020

    Soooointeresting. I thought I knew a lot about the American presidents, but this video floored me. Thank you.

  19. Susse Kind
    Susse Kind February 20, 2020

    6:13 I I guess this was before the notion that somebody could not be in both an executive position while simultaneously holding a judicial position.
    The 3 branches probably didn't even exist yet, even as just a simple idea.

  20. Jellis Squared
    Jellis Squared February 20, 2020

    Yeah, Simon looks better with a shorter beard 🧔

  21. Peter Hjørland
    Peter Hjørland February 20, 2020

    Simon, I must know: Where's the skull? Is John OK?

  22. shadowpea 640
    shadowpea 640 February 20, 2020

    U guys got wrong he not first because u look in white house there olny 43 presidents portrait well Obama and trump didn't get portrait

  23. Joeleoleo Fishface
    Joeleoleo Fishface February 20, 2020

    Point of Clarity: these men were Presidents of Congress, not President of the United States which is the title afforded by the Constitution with actual powers. So technically they were American Presidents of Congress, but none were ever the President of the US as they predated that title.

  24. Judson Gaiden
    Judson Gaiden February 20, 2020

    If we have a Constitution to protect The People from "the state," then why don't we have a secondary constitution to protect The People from corporations?

  25. LiberalThinker
    LiberalThinker February 21, 2020

    This is the consequence of regarding July 4th 1776 as the nation's birthday rather than merely being the day that the 13 colonies jointly declared themselves 13 independent sovereign states.

  26. Coda Highland
    Coda Highland February 21, 2020

    The current system makes a lot more sense than having someone's fiercest rival and opponent becoming your second-in-command. There's a reason we changed it.

  27. Lynda Doerner
    Lynda Doerner February 21, 2020

    Very interesting!

  28. Martha Gill
    Martha Gill February 21, 2020

    All new to me. Very interesting.

  29. robertantonvlogs
    robertantonvlogs February 21, 2020

    I've heard some of this info before but never quite so detailed. Thank you sir.

  30. Richard Northcutt
    Richard Northcutt February 21, 2020

    I was taught this in elementary school.. However I was in public school before the creation of the Federal Department of education..

    Education was in the hands of state and local jurisdictions prior to the department of education began indoctrination of American youth..

    I find it sad that so many comments here say they did not know this history…

  31. Brett Schlee
    Brett Schlee February 21, 2020

    The current country of the United States didn't exist until its formation through the Constitution… that's why we Americans brag about being the "oldest country in the world"… we have the oldest, continually-functioning government. I do love it when people with foreign accents try to explain America to Americans… enjoy Brexit, Redcoat!

  32. Aurobindo Ghosh
    Aurobindo Ghosh February 21, 2020

    they never cheated in exams so they didn't become first president

  33. James Baraga
    James Baraga February 21, 2020

    I'm 50 years old and I've never heard any of this about what you just said in history class I really appreciate that knowledge you given me I love watching your YouTube

  34. mysticx0
    mysticx0 February 21, 2020

    wow there is just so much wrong with this. you cant be the first president of the united states before there was a united states. the 13 "states" as you called them were called the 13 colonies. they werent states yet. there was no "president" under the articles of confederation. the word "president" wasnt even in use yet, they still had debates yet to come about choosing what to call the leader of the united states. i could go on and on…

  35. Charles T. Davis
    Charles T. Davis February 21, 2020

    I guess its trash george washington month since history aired the mini series on george washington, there was no UNITED STATES PRESIDENT until george Washington to the VERY FIRST OATH OF OFFICE no brit is gonna tell me about my own country's history

  36. Joeseph Dirt
    Joeseph Dirt February 21, 2020

    Mind blown

  37. Michigan fan
    Michigan fan February 21, 2020

    Great video kids these days don't learn anything in school these days

  38. Devlin Morin
    Devlin Morin February 21, 2020

    First Im thinking "Damn, these guys are not photogenic at all."

    Then Im thinking "Public education for black and native children? I didnt know there was public education back then at all."

    Then Im thinking "From temporary slave to president of the united states in just 2 generations is a pretty big leap."

  39. Jon Barker
    Jon Barker February 22, 2020

    John Hanson and the numerous gentlemen may have been called president but the position of “president of the United States” did not yet exist. The Articles of Confederation did not have an executive branch. Those presidents simply presided over Congressional meetings but lacked the powers and authority we associate with POTUS. One cannot be POTUS before the position existed. When the Constitution was written and the US started using the term POTUS it fundamentally changed the definition of president, creating a position associated with the executive branch rather than the legislative.

  40. Louie Larios
    Louie Larios February 22, 2020

    I got it

  41. William M
    William M February 22, 2020

    The United States did not have a President until the election of 1789. The President of Congress was never a President of the United States. This is a false premise. Zero truth in it.

  42. William M
    William M February 22, 2020

    My parents taught me well. Don't believe anything you see on TV and only half of what you hear on the radio. Nowadays, it is YouTube spreading the manure around. This channel is laughable in its stupidity.

  43. trev c
    trev c February 22, 2020

    Wait… I thought GW became president in 1776 and was the beginning of the US as we know it ? Declaration of Independence and everything

  44. william alderman
    william alderman February 22, 2020

    It is to be noted, not mentioned here is that Barrack Obama wasn't the first black president under The Articles of Confederation.

  45. william alderman
    william alderman February 22, 2020

    We learned this back in the 60s in grade school in South Eastern NC. We had "BOOKS" and real learned schalors back then who actually taught. We had encyclopedia back then, Funk N Wagnal dictionary as well . We had real libraries with actual librarians. We have volumes of books in the home library as well. We had no cell phone or other electronic devices acctched to our hands and heads 24 hours . Wow! No wonder America elected Trump's

  46. Arthur Cribben
    Arthur Cribben February 22, 2020

    None of these people were president. First of all they didn't have that title yet. Second of all we didn't have a country before 1776. Not to mention we became a country in 1778 when we forced britain to sign it had nothing to do with france almost ten years later. Your opinion hasn't mattered since 1776 and your a liar

  47. JosMorn1
    JosMorn1 February 22, 2020

    While discussing John Hancock, isn't the image of the gent in the red suit one of the Adams boys and NOT Hancock?

  48. Cerus98
    Cerus98 February 22, 2020

    There was no president before GW because George Washington was the first president of the United States.

    Misleading title and video.

  49. David Roberts
    David Roberts February 22, 2020

    George Washington is the first president of "The United States"
    John Hanson was the first president of congress.

  50. Donny Hoot
    Donny Hoot February 22, 2020

    My favorite President is from the future! Dwayne Elizondo Mountain Dew Herbert Camacho.

  51. whatsyurprob ?
    whatsyurprob ? February 22, 2020


    All of this is already very well known, and the institutions of this country not only know it, but they are also covering up one very specific point.

    Not part of the British crown, eh?

    That's the BIG LIE!!! MOF, the U.S. has always been the subject of the Crown, until Donald J. TRUMP was elected President.

    That last trip the President made to England in 2019 — you don't think it was just for Tea do you?

    The TRUTH is coming out, America!!!


  52. Tim Peters
    Tim Peters February 22, 2020

    Before the constitution the USA wasn’t the USA, hence this whole video is a pile of useless information.

  53. Brian Rajala
    Brian Rajala February 22, 2020

    It is my understanding that John Hanson was a Finn, that Finland was part of Sweden at that time … maybe more properly a Deleware Swede-Finn?

  54. Steve Lenores
    Steve Lenores February 23, 2020

    I knew there were gaps in taught American history as it normally jumps the from end of Revolutionary War in 1781 and the beginning of George Washington in 1789, with a passing reference to The Articles of Confederation. This video helped fill in some of the gaps. Thank you.

  55. Brad Gillette
    Brad Gillette February 23, 2020


  56. arcxjo
    arcxjo February 23, 2020

    St Clair was not from Ohio, he was from Scotland but emigrated to Pennsylvania where he lived at the time he was President. He became governor of the Northwest Territory afterwards, which he then moved to. Ohio became a state carved out of that territory later.

    BEST BOOK NETWORK February 23, 2020

    Excellent Simon!!! I would count John Hancock (not Peyton Randolph) as the first president as he presided over the Continental Congress when the US declared independence. But this video was great!!!

  58. Eric LeBlanch
    Eric LeBlanch February 23, 2020

    Skool need to stop to tell the kids that George Washington was the first president. Hey how about the the Black man. Mmm, forget his name.

    Kongo for life and Afrika for life..

  59. Freddie Dixon
    Freddie Dixon February 23, 2020

    They were black for forgot that part ty for the propaganda

  60. Freddie Dixon
    Freddie Dixon February 23, 2020

    Still covering history hey gov'nor (clicks tongue)

  61. SAY UNCLE!!!
    SAY UNCLE!!! February 23, 2020

    Imagine if the states weren't united. It would be non-stop war.

  62. Droid Flash
    Droid Flash February 23, 2020

    Today I found out you are misinformed.

  63. Les Haskell
    Les Haskell February 23, 2020

    If you want to get really picky, the position you are talking about was "President of the Congress", and there was a Congress before the Articles of Confederation. The Continental Congress existed in 1774 and it had a President, too. The first President of the Continental Congress was Peyton Randolph who was President from September 5, 1774
    to October 22, 1774, and then again from May 10, 1775
    to May 24, 1775. If you want to get really, really picky, before the Continental Congress there were the Committees of Correspondence, which "rallied colonial opposition against British policy and established a political union among the Thirteen Colonies" (bostonteapartyship). Samuel Adams deserves recognition as its primary organizer and first prominent leader (although there was no official title), and many others, including Dr. Joseph Warren and James Otis deserve recognition for their leadership roles. But the first President of the United States of America (if we are using the official titles) definitely was George Washington.

  64. Holy Spirit Filled
    Holy Spirit Filled February 23, 2020

    Today I found out that Today I Found Out uses click bait for it's video titles.

  65. Zane Nobbs
    Zane Nobbs February 23, 2020

    Great video, Simon! This is what I teach in American Government and Politics and the students just love it! It gives a stronger sense of where America came from and how things developed. Another reason so many were against the Constitution of the United States of America is that it created "professional politicians" because the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union of the United States of America had term limits for Congressional Delegates, the President, and National Justices. Lastly, prior to President Hanson, the original governing document was the Articles of Association of the United Colonies of America in which the colonies agreed that if war came, they would fight as a single unit instead of 13 individual entities. Of course the term "State" was adopted once the American Revolution was under way. Again, a GREAT video!

  66. J Hopkins
    J Hopkins February 23, 2020

    You forgot Samuel Huntington, the first president.

  67. Lon Brooklyn
    Lon Brooklyn February 23, 2020

    They werent presidents general public elects

  68. Lon Brooklyn
    Lon Brooklyn February 23, 2020

    Is that a check for 494 dollars shown?

  69. sirisha scott
    sirisha scott February 24, 2020

  70. Keith Blackie
    Keith Blackie February 24, 2020

    I’ve been telling people this for many years and they look at me like I am the stupid one. Our school system has failed us! There is so much more to the US before George Washington was elected as first president under the Constitution.

  71. Ryan Yesman
    Ryan Yesman February 24, 2020

    While I agree these men should probably get more attention for their contributions to the USA, even saying they were presidents of the United states under the articles of confederation is factually wrong. They were presidents of the confederation congress. They were regular members of the congress who were elected as discussion moderators and had no executive power. Even if they were the head of the federal government, which they weren't because there was no central head of government back then, it wouldnt have mattered much considering how weak and useless the fed was before the constitution. Your stream of logic here is essentially that since they were figurehead leaders of a particular gov institution makes them any kind of national leader makes no sense. Just because I'm the president of spanish club in college doesnt make me the dean. And honestly, I dont want to make this about nationality, but it really seems like you're just trying to be smug and tell america we dont know our own history properly when you cant be bothered to do the simple research it would take to know these men were figureheads, had the same authority as other congressmen, and WERE NOT presidents of the United states in title or spirit.

  72. Joe Duke
    Joe Duke February 24, 2020

    The UNITED STATES, became the UNITED STATES under the Constitution, otherwise you could call every Governor the King of his own country, or the lord and master, or the God of say, Massachusetts. So, the first President of the United States, was Washington. For instance, in 2052 the Kingdom of God will officially become the country the United States is now, with the execution of 60 million people, and I… will be the Pope. The First Pope of America!

  73. J K
    J K February 24, 2020

    This video is misleading. There was no executive branch under the Articles of Confederation. The new United States had only a legislative branch. So all these "presidents" mentioned were essentially more like Speakers of the House.

  74. GNTSUW Proverbs 31:3
    GNTSUW Proverbs 31:3 February 24, 2020

    15 Presidents before Mark Master Mason George Washington.

  75. nightlightabcd
    nightlightabcd February 25, 2020

    I thought I was fairly well versed in US history, but I didn't know this! I'm glad I saw this! The presidents before the presidents!!

  76. Charles Buy Houses As Is
    Charles Buy Houses As Is February 25, 2020

    Thanks! U.S. history as we know it is somewhat vague. For instance, white slavery in America. White people were the predominant slaves here for 200 years before Africans were transported to the U.S. Some were indentured slaves but over two-thirds were not. Look it up!

  77. Mark Vining
    Mark Vining February 25, 2020

    I've heard black people proudly say hanson was black ? 🤣 looked anglo to me

  78. David Rakes
    David Rakes February 25, 2020

    I have a question. When did the US go to the mainly 2 party system where the elected chooses their running mate?

    I believe that the second in the election being VP would make more sense to keep the elected from getting to much power like we are seeing today.

  79. Jerry Wilkinson
    Jerry Wilkinson February 25, 2020

    These people were Congressional "Presidents", they were never elected by We the People to be the President of the United States of America.

  80. Jerry Wilkinson
    Jerry Wilkinson February 25, 2020

    I find it appalling that you try to use semantics to twist our history. None of these people were ever elected as POTUS by We the People. If they had been, Washington would NOT be called the 1st POTUS. It's sad that you revisionists find nothing to be sacred and try to dissect EVERYTHING to make yourselves feel good…

  81. Jim Anderson
    Jim Anderson February 25, 2020

    The video should have displayed the names of the presidents that pre-dated Washington rather than just stating the name and moving on. Just a thought.

  82. Damián "el Salsuero"
    Damián "el Salsuero" February 25, 2020

    I disagree that it is more sensible to have the Vice President be the 2nd place finisher. For one, it makes the possibility of assassination much more likely, given that the Vice President would replace the President. It also creates a path for getting nothing done because the Vice President could easily serve to undermine the President's authority and policymaking position and as the deciding vote in the event of a tie in the Senate, could easily swing decisions away from the will of the people, given that the will of the people generally lies more so with the 1st place finisher than the 2nd place finisher.

  83. KindofaDick
    KindofaDick February 25, 2020

    Fun fact: John Hanson is of the same Hanson's that spawned Arin(Egoraptor) Hanson.
    Yes the game grump and weaboo extraordinaire.

  84. Carter Baker
    Carter Baker February 25, 2020

    So the US was not the United States of America. The original name was The United States of the Perpetual Union under the Articles of Confederation. So in fact it is technically a different country after the Constitution as signed. So it literally could be considered both way depending on how you look at it. We only see the United States of America in official documents after the Constitution was ratified. Indentured servitude was the main way lower income people immigrated to the United States back then . It is often lumped into slavery, but in most cases is not. They were provided housing, food, and a small stipend. Also, children born into the family were not property of the owner in this case employer like slavery. It was always temporary. It was modeled after old Hebrew slavery model. Where you wer suppose to only have them for 7 years and treat them like family.

  85. MortalZeus
    MortalZeus February 26, 2020

    One thing they all have in common, they all dead.

  86. Ben Haney
    Ben Haney February 26, 2020

    If you just found this out today, well, read something I guess. Although this video didn't do a great job of explaining what these men "presided over." They were presidents of the congress that presided over the Articles of Confederation. Until the Constitution , there were no powers enumerated to an executive branch. So these men weren't really presidents of the country. They were more like Speakers of the House or Senate majority leader of whatever.

  87. michael colburn
    michael colburn February 26, 2020

    Super interesting and a lot of “wow, I did not know that”, followed by more “and I did not know that”.

  88. Bitcoin Motorist
    Bitcoin Motorist February 26, 2020

    The Constitution was a coup

  89. David
    David February 26, 2020

    The idea of vp being runner up from the opposition party, is only sensible when until you realize that it happened once and was so bad they quickly amended the Constitution to prevent a repeat.

  90. Mark S
    Mark S February 26, 2020


  91. Jason Lasunowicz
    Jason Lasunowicz February 26, 2020

    Incorrect they do teach Washington was the first president under the constitution.

  92. Ken Jenks
    Ken Jenks February 26, 2020

    Hardly US Presidents. They were the President of Congress. Today's Speaker of the House.

  93. Earnest T Bass
    Earnest T Bass February 26, 2020

    Revisionist history from the progressives

  94. M. Douglas Miller
    M. Douglas Miller February 26, 2020

    Question:Who was the first president of the U.S.? Answer: Yes

  95. Kevin O’Connor
    Kevin O’Connor February 26, 2020

    This has gotten full of him self over the last year or so, just look at his new hipster beard

  96. Rajendra Seenaraine
    Rajendra Seenaraine February 26, 2020

    First of all this clown was not elected , Washington was so he is the first president my friend 😡

  97. Joseph Falco
    Joseph Falco February 27, 2020

    How were they elected? You didn't mention that at all.

  98. Abraham Ellis Jr
    Abraham Ellis Jr February 27, 2020

    Get the RIGHT pic…Stop the visual B>S> PROPAGANDA

  99. Jessica Triplev
    Jessica Triplev February 27, 2020

    Title is misleading. There had been no US presidents before him because the US did not exist.

  100. The Automaticist
    The Automaticist February 27, 2020

    Very little power and no pay? Might as well have been Student Council President.

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