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Terrorism, War, and Bush 43: Crash Course US History #46


Hi, I’m John Green, this is CrashCourse
U.S. history and today we’ve done it! WE’VE FINALLY REACHED THE 21st CENTURY!
Today, we boldly go where no history course has gone before, because your teacher ran
out of time and never made it to the present. Also, if you’re preparing for the AP test
it’s unlikely that today’s video will be helpful to you because, you know, they
never get to this stuff. Mr. Green, Mr. Green? Awesome, free period.
Yeah, Me From the Past, there’s no such thing as a free period. There’s only time,
and how you choose to use it. Also, Me From the Past, we’re in your future,
hold on I’ve got to take this stuff off it’s hard to take me seriously with that.
We’re in the future for you which means that you are learning important things about
the you who does not yet exist. You know about Lady GaGa, Kanye and Kim, Bieber,
well you’re not going to find out about any of those things because this is a history
class, but it’s still going to be interesting. INTRO
So the presidency of George W. Bush may not end up on your AP exam, but it’s very important
when it comes to understanding the United States that we live in today
The controversy starts with the 2000 Election. Democratic presidential candidate Al “I
invented the Internet” Gore was sitting Vice President, and he asked Bill Clinton
not to campaign much because a lot of voters kind of hated Bill Clinton.
The republican candidate was George W. Bush, governor of Texas and unlike his father a
reasonably authentic Texan. You know, as people from Connecticut go.
Bush was a former oil guy and baseball team owner and he was running as a Compassionate
Conservative, which meant he was organizing a coalition of religious people and fiscal
conservatives. And that turned out to be a very effective
coalition and George W Bush got a lot of votes. He did not however get as many votes as Al
Gore. But as you’ll no doubt remember from earlier
in Crash Course US History, in the United States presidential elections are not decided
by popular vote. They are decided by the Electoral College.
So the election was incredibly close. It solidified the Red-Blue divide that has become a trope
for politicians since. And in the end Gore won the popular vote by about 500,000 votes.
However, Al Gore did not have the necessary electoral votes to become president. Unless
he won Florida. Did he win Florida? I don’t even want to go there…
In Florida the vote was ridiculously close, but George W Bush had a gigantic advantage
which is that his brother, Jeb Bush, was the governor of Florida.
So when it came time to certify the election Jeb was like, “Yeah. My brother won. No
big deal.” But then the Gore campaign sued to have a recount by hand which is allowed
under Florida law. But then Bush’s lawyers asked the Supreme
Court to intervene and they did. Their decision in Bush v. Gore remains rather controversial.
They ruled that the recount should be stopped, interfering with a state law and also a state’s
electoral process, which is a weird decision for strict constructionists to make.
However, one of the strong points of the United States these past couple centuries has been
that sometimes we have the opportunity to go to war over whether this person or that
person should be president and we chose not to.
So regardless of whether you think the recount should have gone on, or George W Bush should
have been elected, he was, and he set to work implementing his campaign promises, including
working on a missile defence system that was very similar to Star Wars.
And that was Ronald Reagan’s Star Wars, not George Lucas’ Star Wars. Man if we could
get a federally funded new Star Wars trilogy that doesn’t suck that would be awesome.
Anyway, in the first 100 days of his presidency Bush also barred federal funding for stem
cell research, and he supported oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
And speaking of environmental policy, the Bush administration announced that it would
not abide by the 1997 Kyoto Protocol on carbon emissions and that didn’t go over well with
environmentalists in the U.S. or in all of these green parts of not-America because they
were like, “You guys made all the carbon.” To which we said, “This is America.”
Libertage Bush also attempted education reform with
the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandated that states implement “rigorous” standards
and testing regimes to prove that those standards were being met.
The No Child Left Behind Act is especially controversial with teachers who are great
friends of Crash Course US History so we will say nothing more.
Most importantly, George W Bush pushed through the largest tax cut in American history in
2001. Claiming that putting more money in Americans’ pockets would stimulate growth
in an economy that had stumbled after the bursting of the dot-com bubble in 2000.
Oh, it’s time for the Mystery Document? The rules here are simple.
I guess the author of the Mystery Document, I either get it right, or I get shocked with
the shock pen. Alright, what have we got here today. I’ve got a feeling it’s going to
be a sad one. “It was a beautiful fall day, with a crisp,
blue sky. I was coming in to work late that day; I guess I didn’t have first period
class. It was only the second or third day of school. When I emerged from the subway, Union Square
was strangely quiet, which only added to the beauty of the day. People were standing still,
which is weird in New York under any circumstances, and looking down University Place towards
lower Manhattan. Before I even looked I asked a passerby what had happened. She, or he,
I really don’t remember, said that a plane had crashed into the Trade Center. Then I
looked and saw the smoke coming billo wing out of the South Tower. I thought it was an
accident, but I knew that this was not going to be an easy day.
Well it’s obviously someone who was in New York City on September 11, 2001, but that
only narrows it down to like 10 million people. However, I happen to know that it is Crash
Course historian and my high school history teacher Raoul Meyer who wrote that account.
This is the saddest I have ever been not to be shocked.
So whether George Bush’s domestic policy would have worked is up for debate, but the
events of September 11, 2001 ensured that foreign policy would dominate any discussion
of the opening decade of the 21st century. That morning terrorists affiliated with al
Qaeda hijacked 4 airliners. Two planes were flown into Manhattan’s World Trade Center,
a third was crashed into the Pentagon in Washington and a fourth, also headed for Washington DC
crashed in Pennsylvania when passengers overpowered the hijackers.
Almost 3,000 people died including almost 400 policemen and firefighters.
As Americans rushed to help in the search for survivors and to rebuild a devastated
city, a shared sense of trauma and a desire to show resolve really did bring the country
together. President Bush’s popularity soared in the
wake of the attacks. In a speech on September 20, the president told Americans watching
on television that the terrorists had targeted America “Because we love freedom […]. And
they hate freedom.” This is another critical moment in American
history where the definition of freedom is being reimagined.
And we were reminded in the wake of September 11th that one of the central things that government
does to keep us free is to keep us safe. But at the same time ensuring our safety sometimes
means impinging upon our freedoms. And the question of how to keep America safe
while also preserving our civil liberties is one of the central questions of the 21st
century. At any rate, in the September 20th speech,
the president announced a new guiding principle in foreign policy that became known as the
Bush Doctrine. America would go to war with terrorism making
no distinction between the terrorists and nations that harbored them.
Bush laid out the terms for the world that night: “Either you are with us or you are
with the terrorists.” But that dichotomy of course would prove to
be a bit of an oversimplification. So on October 7, the United States launched
its first airstrikes on Afghanistan, which at the time was ruled by a group of Islamic
fundamentalists called the Taliban who were protecting Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda’s leader.
This was followed by American ground troops supporting the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance
in chasing out the Taliban and setting up a new Afghan government that was friendly
to the United States. This new government did undo many of the worst
Taliban policies, for instance allowing women and girls to go to school, and even to serve
in the parliament. More women than girls in the parliament naturally.
But by 2007 the Taliban was beginning to make a comeback and although fewer than 100 Americans
died in the initial phase of the war, a sizeable force remained and in the ensuing 12 years
the number of Americans killed would continue to rise.
And then, by January 2002, Bush had expanded the scope of the Global War on Terror by proclaiming
that Iran, Iraq and North Korea were an “axis of evil” that harbored terrorists, even
though none of those nations had direct ties to the September 11 attacks.
The ultimate goal of Bush Doctrine was to make the world safe for freedom and also to
spread it and freedom was defined as consisting of political democracy, free expression, religious
toleration, free trade and free markets. These freedoms, Bush said, were, “right
and true for every person, in every society”. And there’s no question that the Saddam
Hussein led Iraq of 2003 was not, by any of those definitions, free.
But the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the United States was predicated on two ideas. First,
that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction – chemical and biological weapons that they
were refusing to give up. And second, that there was, or at least may have been, a link
between Saddam Hussein’s Iraq and the Al Qaeda attacks of 9-11.
So in March 2003 the United States, Britain, and a coalition of other countries, invaded
Iraq. Within a month Baghdad was captured, Saddam Hussein was ousted, Iraq created a
new government that was more democratic than Saddam’s dictatorship, and then descended
into sectarian chaos. After Baghdad fell, President Bush declared
the end of major combat operations in Iraq, but troops soon found themselves trying to
manage an increasingly organized insurgency that featured attacks and bombings.
And by 2006 American intelligence analysts concluded that Iraq had become a haven for
Islamist terrorists, which it hadn’t been, before the invasion.
In fact, Saddam Hussein’s socialist government, while it occasionally called upon religion
to unify people against an enemy, was pretty secular.
Although fewer than 200 Americans had died in the initial assaults, by the end of 2006,
more than 3,000 American soldiers had been killed and another 20,000 wounded.
Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis had died in the conflict and the costs of the war which
were promised to be no more than $60 billion had ballooned to $200 billion dollars.
So that, and we try really hard here at Crash Course to be objective was a bit of a disaster.
But let’s now go back to the domestic side of things and jump back in time to the passage
of the USA PATRIOT act. Which believe it or not is an acronym for
the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and
Obstruct Terrorism act of 2001. Oh, Congress you don’t pass many laws these
days but when you do… mmhm…. there’s some winners.
The PATRIOT act gave the government unprecedented law enforcement powers to combat domestic
terrorism including the ability to wiretap and spy on Americans.
At least 5000 people connected to the Middle East were called in for questioning and more
than 1200 were arrested, many held for months without any charge.
The administration also set up a camp for accused terrorists in Guantanamo Bay, in Cuba,
but not the fun kind of camp, the prison kind, it housed more than 700 suspects.
The president also authorized the National Security Agency to listen in to telephone
conversations without first obtaining a warrant, the so-called warrantless wiretapping.
In 2013 Americans learned that NSA surveillance has of course gone much farther than this
with surveillance programs like PRISM which sounds like it’s out of an Orwell novel
– I mean both like the name and the actual thing it refers to.
Meredith would like us to point out that Prism is also the name of a Katy Perry album proving
that we here at Crash Course are young and hip and with it. Who is Katy Perry? Oh right,
she has that song in Madagascar 3. Sorry, I have little kids.
The Supreme Court eventually limited the executive branch’s power and ruled that enemy combatants
do have some procedural rights. Congress also banned the use of torture in a 2005 defense
appropriations bill sponsored by Republican John McCain who himself had been a victim
of torture in Vietnam. But the Defense Department did condone the
continued use of so-called “enhanced interrogation techniques” like waterboarding.
Which most countries do consider torture. But George W Bush won re-election in 2004,
defeating the surprisingly weak John Kerry, who was characterized as a “waffler” on
a number of issues including the Iraq war. Kerry’s history as a Vietnam protester and
also terrible windsurfer probably didn’t help him much.
Bush’s victory is still a bit surprising to historians admittedly at that moment the
Iraq war seemed to be going pretty well. But during Bush’s first term, the economy,
which is usually what really drives voters, wasn’t that great at all.
A recession began during 2001 and the September 11 attacks made it much worse. And while the
GDP did begin to grow again relatively quickly, employment didn’t recover, hence all the
description of it as a “jobless recovery.” 90% of the jobs lost in the 2001-2002 recession
were in manufacturing, continuing a trend that we had been seeing for 30 years. The
number of steelworkers dropped from 520,000 in 1970 to 120,000 in 2004.
And in his first term George W Bush actually became the first president since Herbert Hoover
to oversee a net loss of jobs. Now I want to be clear that that’s not necessarily
his fault as I have said many times before – economics are complicated. And presidents
do not decide whether economies grow. But at any rate George W Bush was re-elected
and went on to have an extremely controversial second term. Let’s go to the thoughtbubble.
In 2005 several events undermined the public’s confidence in the Bush administration. First,
Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff was indicted for perjury and then House Majority
Leader Tom “The Hammer” DeLay was indicted for violating campaign finance laws.
Then in August 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into the gulf coast near New Orleans submerging
much of the city, killing nearly 1500 people, and leaving thousands stranded without basic
services. Disaster preparation and response was poor on the state, local, and federal
levels, but the slow response of the Department of Homeland Security and Federal Emergency
Management Agency was particularly noticeable as thousands of mostly African American New
Orleans residents suffered without food or water. Damage to the city was estimated at
around $80 billion dollars. And the Katrina disaster exposed the persistent poverty and
racial divisions in the city. While the Katrina response probably contributed
to the reversal of fortune for Congressional Republicans in the 2006 mid-terms, it was
more likely the spike in gasoline prices that resulted from the shutting down of refining
capacity in the gulf and increased demand for oil from rapidly growing China. Voters
gave Democrats majorities in both houses, and Nancy Pelosi of California became the
first woman Speaker of the House in American history.
And then, in 2007, the country fell back into recession as a massive housing bubble began
to deflate, followed by the near collapse of the American banking system in 2008.
Thought Bubble, thank you once again for the tremendous downer.
So, the Bush years are still in the recent past, and it’s impossible to tell just what
their historical significance is without some distance.
But the attacks on September 11 had far ranging effects on American foreign policy but also
on the entire world. Under the leadership of George W Bush the
United States began a global fight against terrorism and for freedom.
But as always, what we mean by the words is evolving and there’s no question that in
trying to ensure a certain kind of freedom we have undermined other kinds of freedom.
We’ll get to the even messier and murkier world of the 2008 financial collapse next
week. Until then, thanks for watching. Crash Course is made with the help of all
these nice people and it exists because of your support through Subbable.com – a voluntary
subscription service that allows you to subscribe monthly to Crash Course for the price of your
choosing. There are great perks over at Subbable, but
the biggest perk of all is knowing that you helped make Crash Course possible so please
check it out, thank you for watching, thanks for supporting Crash Course, and as we say
in my hometown, “Don’t forget to be awesome.”

100 Comments

  1. Cassie Garcia
    Cassie Garcia April 21, 2019

    9:10 green zone

  2. DJ Mastoor
    DJ Mastoor April 23, 2019

    Make an unbiased documentary of Pakistan. I really wanna see that. I can't find any

  3. Connor Hoagland
    Connor Hoagland April 24, 2019

    5:47 You mean when flight 93 was shot down?

  4. Cheerios Flakes
    Cheerios Flakes April 24, 2019

    Usa +SA+Israel=911

  5. Asia Koter
    Asia Koter April 25, 2019

    wow, what is that globe about? all the countries blanked out but America?

  6. JAZZ ZZubelik
    JAZZ ZZubelik April 29, 2019

    Bremer is the biggest disaster of us foriegn policy

  7. Ryan
    Ryan April 30, 2019

    you should be more respectful at some points i think

  8. Brian Pogue
    Brian Pogue April 30, 2019

    Looking back at this video, I just realized they made a “this is America” meme before it was cool. Nice

  9. Aquarius199
    Aquarius199 May 2, 2019

    If future US presidents keep doing stuff like what George W. Bush did with Iraq, then they could get their own citizens killed in possible attacks from angered governments of middle-eastern countries. Saddam Hussein may have not been the nicest guy, but he did plenty of good things.

  10. Ginger Snow White
    Ginger Snow White May 5, 2019

    Wonder what today would be like if the recount hadn’t been halted and had Al Gore actually won.

  11. Rylan Bucich
    Rylan Bucich May 6, 2019

    I love you John green

  12. C.A.
    C.A. May 9, 2019

    Lol u caught me with the ap test 0:15

  13. Jonathan Torres
    Jonathan Torres May 10, 2019

    My Ap test tomorrow… Imma fail 😂

  14. Liberal GenZer
    Liberal GenZer May 13, 2019

    Al gore should have won the 2000 election

  15. Michaela J
    Michaela J May 14, 2019

    When he mentioned a Star Wars trilogy that doesn't suck, I had to look up when TFA came out. Turns out he was talking about the prequels. John Green, there is worse to come.

  16. Ryoshikari
    Ryoshikari May 20, 2019

    Iraq had no weapons, America was after the oil….smh

  17. Hareth
    Hareth May 21, 2019

    Did we really defeat the wrong enemy? (Georg S. Patton)
    Yes, with Iraq pretty sure!
    And yes, this war open the gates of hell.
    Europe is practically done and the US. fallow it.
    What exactly expect western billionaires to finding on an Islamic hell on earth? They have anywhere another blue Planet?
    But song is still great!

  18. Hareth
    Hareth May 21, 2019

    Did we really defeat the wrong enemy? (Georg S. Patton)
    Yes, with Iraq pretty sure!
    And yes, this war open the gates of hell.
    Europe is practically done and the US. fallow it.
    What exactly expect western billionaires to finding on an Islamic hell on earth? They have anywhere another blue Planet?
    But song is still great!

  19. Hareth
    Hareth May 21, 2019

    Did we really defeat the wrong enemy? (Georg S. Patton)
    Yes, with Iraq pretty sure!
    And yes, this war open the gates of hell.
    Europe is practically done and the US. fallow it.
    What exactly expect western billionaires to finding on an Islamic hell on earth? They have anywhere another blue Planet?
    But song is still great!

  20. Joshua C.
    Joshua C. May 22, 2019

    madagascar 3 lmao

  21. Eric Scott
    Eric Scott May 22, 2019

    That bit about a good Star wars trilogy hits even harder now.

  22. Ramsey Barghouti
    Ramsey Barghouti May 23, 2019

    I think the phrase "[the taliban] was protecting Osama Bin Laden" at 7:17 is pretty reductive.

    In his book No Good Men Among the Living, Anand Gopal explores the motivations of the Taliban and their capacity at this time. He argues that the Taliban was not particularly aligned with Al Qaeda, but given fact the government was only a few years old at this point, they couldn't have done anything about Al Qaeda if they wanted to. Furthermore, the very basis of their Government was a rejection of foreign influence after the decades long Civil War that was caused almost entirely by foreign influence, so regardless of how they felt about Al Qaeda or their capacity to actually capture Bin Laden, if they had sought to turn Bin Laden over to the US, this would be impossible for the very young government to do.

    For the most part, this doesn't influence the story very much, except that Afghanistan was the first country to be subject to the Bush Doctrine that you refer to. This means that the very first demand made under the Bush doctrine (i.e. Turn over Bin Laden or we'll bomb you) was impossible to comply with. So while the Bush Doctrine was stated as "You're with us or your with the terrorists" essentially became even more arbitrary than even the stated form you provided.

  23. El Hombre de oro
    El Hombre de oro May 24, 2019

    John McCain was tortured by Sarah Palin.

  24. Abigail Amador
    Abigail Amador May 24, 2019

    3:13 well past John Green, I've got some good news for you!

  25. Jasheen Jamenour
    Jasheen Jamenour May 28, 2019

    I think that 9/11 was an inside job. Even the fools will know!!*clearly in the video that its a demolition backed by planes as a props!! Bush administration acted as a peacekeeper without realizing the consequences. Libya was great by the time of Ghadafi but look what happened. Iraq,Syria,Vietnam? They cant clean the trashes they've made.

  26. JÅŠÇØ
    JÅŠÇØ May 29, 2019

    George Bush doesn't care about black people

  27. Abuse of mainstream media can harm your mind!
    Abuse of mainstream media can harm your mind! June 1, 2019

    "Anyway, no drug, not even alcohol, causes the fundamental ills of society. If we're looking for the source of our troubles, we shouldn't test people for drugs, we should test them for stupidity, ignorance, greed and love of power." P. J. O'Rourke

  28. Badbad Fishy
    Badbad Fishy June 1, 2019

    New star wars films dont melt steel beams

  29. Chris Gabele
    Chris Gabele June 2, 2019

    I wonder what Crash course would teach about the Trump years

  30. erich84502ify
    erich84502ify June 9, 2019

    Thats why we voted for Trump. Trump Pence 2020 four more years!

  31. Chris Henderson
    Chris Henderson June 9, 2019

    Gore won. Republicans cheated. Fixed it for you

  32. TruthSeekingMissile
    TruthSeekingMissile June 10, 2019

    9/11 was an Israeli military intelligence operation carried out in order to serve as a pretext for perpetual war in the middle east.

  33. adriengriffon
    adriengriffon June 12, 2019

    As a Floridian, the phrase "hanging chad" still makes me cringe 19 years later, and I wasn't even old enough to vote in that election.

  34. Burnt GD
    Burnt GD June 15, 2019

    8:41 OMG thats when i was born!

  35. Keith Carey
    Keith Carey June 18, 2019

    First, I hate John Green. Pansy who can write. I will see if this changes after this video. What a metrosexual.

  36. Keith Carey
    Keith Carey June 18, 2019

    He was great. I'd want any kid to hear this. Then, a brief on the obvious inside job of blowing up the towers and Building 7. Nice job, John Green.

  37. Clorox Bleach
    Clorox Bleach June 18, 2019

    1:50 – 3:02 I'm gonna drop this comment here for those of you who think the US should get rid of the electoral college. The US is a tight alliance of 50 states. Each state gets a say in the Fed's. That say is equal in the senate, and is population based in the house. You tell your state who to vote for and a candidate basically has to win a majority of states. The purpose of this is to prevent, say 4 states from consistently running over the other 46 and therefore becoming the rulers.

  38. General Juan Del Diablo
    General Juan Del Diablo June 22, 2019

    I remember Bush's press conferences haha he was a guinness at answering questions not even Trump is that funny

  39. Sheila Young
    Sheila Young June 23, 2019

    One very specific tidbit you left out regarding John Kerry. Yes, he was a Vietnam War Protestor…BUT…He was also a decorated war veteran of that very conflict. He ran missions in Vietnam on armed boat crews and received several military honors, including a Purple Heart and Silver Star.

  40. James Pittsford III
    James Pittsford III June 23, 2019

    I would be pleased if you could somehow verify that terrorists were in fact in control of the planes.

  41. gud bie
    gud bie June 25, 2019

    George bush doesn't care about black people

  42. ThisIsJer
    ThisIsJer July 2, 2019

    I dont even live in America but i still watch this… idk why

  43. Coz Trainz
    Coz Trainz July 12, 2019

    Wow

  44. Ahmad Rama
    Ahmad Rama July 13, 2019

    You did not mention how many people die in Iraq and Afghanistan? !!!!!

  45. Christian Calderon
    Christian Calderon July 14, 2019

    I think it's worth mentioning that the biggest urban battle since Hue. Was postponed until after Bush secured his reelection. Then after the election we went in and fought the "Battle of Fallujah."

  46. Zacnie prawisz
    Zacnie prawisz July 15, 2019

    Those Katy Perry and Madagascar mentions were unnecessary bot other than that, good video.

  47. Kanbei
    Kanbei July 19, 2019

    To this day the healthcare cost of those 9/11 responders still hasn't been passed to this day almost 18 years later

  48. walsh451
    walsh451 July 22, 2019

    I often wonder what life would have been like if social media was a big in 2001 as it is now. The Bush years would have fallen apart so fast!

  49. Gary McSpadden tech
    Gary McSpadden tech July 27, 2019

    Funny how every time Republicans hold a supermajority for 8 years the economy crashes.

  50. Robert Scannell
    Robert Scannell July 29, 2019

    Jeb bush also oversaw ten thousand black voters in Florida being turned away at the polls on Election Day in 2000. Bush won Florida by five hundred votes. I wonder who they would've voted for. 🤔🤔

  51. UnitedStatesOfEmbarrassment10018
    UnitedStatesOfEmbarrassment10018 July 30, 2019

    Bush was the worst president EVER. He failed to prevent 9/11 and led us into the most pointless war ever. His response to Katrina was too slow, and at the TAIL END of his presidency, the stock market crashes.

    At all it took was a black guy to clean up his mess.

  52. Lucie Kočová
    Lucie Kočová July 30, 2019

    Thanks so much for all your series! The best way to pepare for my state exams :D!

  53. Terry Mcgee
    Terry Mcgee July 30, 2019

    Just a side note from 2019. At the begining of the video, a mention of the Electoral College. Right now, because of Trumps election hinging on the EC, Democrats want to eliminate it. But, what I find vexing: the hypocrisy of the Democrats. For instance: how Democrat controled cities/states became sanctuaries for illegal aliens WITHOUT voter's consent or for knowledge. No transparency, nothing. Democrats love skirting the democratic process when it suits them.

  54. kenza abdi
    kenza abdi August 2, 2019

    I wasnt gonna write anything, but i feel obligated to talk about some of the things mentioned in this video. I feel that your analysis is a bit biased in the way you discussed the war, because you only tackled it from an american perspective. And i would not even bother mentioning this had the rest of your videos been like this, but you are generally very fair and open minded when discussing history. When you say that bush waged war on terror and despotism in Iraq i must disagree with you as i believe this to be an overly simplified analysis, america had an ally in saddam for a long time and they were the ones supporting him in his tyranny ( just like trump is doing now with ibn salman in saudi arabia) and they knew full well what he was doing when they supported him. It was a change of interest, the rising of oil prices and the potential plummet of the american market that led to this war. And i distinctly remember the rhetoric during the first years of war being exclusively about finding weapons of mass destruction which were – surprise surprise- not there, and when faced with global indignation, and domestic clamouring to bring the troops home, the government said they wanted to overthrow saddam.
    Also, when you talk about lives lost, dont just mention "american" lives, that s not fair, hundreds of thousands of iraqi people died too, or are you taking the american government approach to analysis when they called them " collateral dammge". The day elfalouja fell, 20000 people died in one day. Now those werent terrorists, they were people deffending their homes against a hostile, millitary invader who came with tanks and drones and bombs. Surely the logical approach was to fight back.
    Also, when you say that the war was successful i find i must disagree, it may have been succussful on your end but for the iraqi and for muslims it was a debacle. Hundreds of thousand s of innocents died, entire cities were damaged, and the rift between shiite and sunnite was bigger than ever.
    Not to mention the organised media warfare waged on muslims by the wonderful american media, where we were publically attacked, and defamed for simply being muslim. It was open season on arabs those years, our identity and practices were fair game.
    Also, it s very unfair to say that some arab countries "harbored" terrorists. I am an algerian and we have a dangerously large number of terrorists, we dont harbor them, we suffer from them because they kill hundreds of people annually and it takes a lot of work to get them out of hiding and apprehend them. Before they get to you guys they go through millions of us. Just like italy isnt harboring the kosanostra, and japan the yakusa and america isnt harboring the neo nazies we dont harbor terrorists, we struggle with them
    You probably wont even read this, but i had to write it anyway, it feels like the right thing to do

  55. Daniel Peterson
    Daniel Peterson August 4, 2019

    Man. George had a pretty rough presidency.

  56. Rueben Llongoria
    Rueben Llongoria August 7, 2019

    It's not water boarding if you use diesel.

  57. Ronald Johnson
    Ronald Johnson August 11, 2019

    it's' hard to take me serious with that… lol

  58. Miki Ahn
    Miki Ahn August 13, 2019

    beasts of the southern wild reference lol

  59. Muhammad Hadrami
    Muhammad Hadrami August 15, 2019

    bush litterally unstablize the Middle East

  60. Ibrahim Nakasha
    Ibrahim Nakasha August 15, 2019

    I come from Iraq and this guy is a Donkey

  61. Firko Kafi
    Firko Kafi August 21, 2019

    Do u have crash course about 9/11? How did complete buildings collapse like melting candle?

  62. Nelson Swanberg
    Nelson Swanberg August 24, 2019

    Cheney/Bushwacker 2 is the worst administration in our history. They came to office with a personal agenda that in no way reflected what our country needed. I said at the very beginning Iraq was the wrong war. He wanted to undo what he thought history would call his father's mistake in not taking Saddam out. Turns out his father was right. With Iraq and Iran fighting each other they had to sell us their oil cheap and buy our weapons. He had a blank check to do what needed to be done in Afghanistan and chose to cash it in Iraq. Remember what happened the last time the RethugliKKKlan party controlled the presidency and both houses of Congress? Curious George just about flushed the world down the toilet.

    Hate is a powerful emotion and motivator. It will gain you the presidency. Lord help me not to hate the haters for then I become worse than them. The opposite of love is,,,,,,,,,,indifference. Peace be with all of us ………..somehow?

    Agolf twitler is a treasonous lying hypocrite for not being patriotic enough to release his tax returns and prove to the American citizenry that he is working for us and not Putin. Remember this, Agolf twitler does not trust YOU enough to release his tax returns.

  63. int 2
    int 2 August 25, 2019

    you wanted a star wars trilogy that doesn't suck there you have it L M A O

  64. Fearghal Joyce
    Fearghal Joyce August 28, 2019

    You really can't talk about the Iraq war without mentioning:
    – Bush knew there were no WMDs, and that Saddam had nothing to do with Bin Laden.
    – Bin Laden did have strong ties to Saudi Arabia, his own native country and that of most of the 9/11 hijackers
    – The real distinction between the two countries? That one played ball with USAs oil trade policy, and the other didn't. [see Iran, Libya, Venezuela]
    – After the effortless overthrow of Saddam, the USA didn't hold elections (because the Iraqi people would elect an Iranian friendly government), instead installing a corrupt puppet government with zero credibility in the country.
    – They fired pretty much the entire public sector, which in a quasi-socialist dictatorship means, well, almost everyone
    – Now with catastrophic uneployment and frequent blackouts and water shortages due to the US never repairing the infrastructure destroyed in the invasion, the economy disintegrates, and with no police or army to keep the peace, riots, looting and crime begin to tear apart the society.
    – It was now clear to the Iraqis that the Americans had not come to liberate them, but to first make an example of Saddam to scare anyone from questioning US hegemony, and second to extract their oil, which they were already doing while letting Iraq implode. Indeed many commentators at the time noted that if someone were to intentionally conspire to destroy Iraq frrom the foundations up, they would have done very little different from the occupying forces in Iraq.
    – Thus, people rise up agggainst the occupation and the state falls to viscious sectarian based civil war, giving rise to groups including ISIS, who largely met and developed their ideas in US run prisons where torture and abuse was rife.
    – This war in turn precipitated the ongoing Syrian war.

    What I'm trying to say here is that Bush is a war criminal, you can't let him off the hook so easy. Not to mention what Bush Sr was doing at the CIA, and the conspicuous absence of Operation Condor and the War on Drugs in discussion of Cold War foreign policy, whitewashing some of the ugliest chapters in recent American history.

  65. Elijah Ford
    Elijah Ford August 30, 2019

    Hooray!!! It’s the 2000s! Finally!!! I’m alive!

  66. Elijah Ford
    Elijah Ford August 30, 2019

    Ugh. Bush’s foreign policy.

  67. Brian Fleury
    Brian Fleury August 31, 2019

    M. Green, Mr. Green, you forgot to point out that Taliban leaders offered to give up Osama bin Laden if the United States would supply the necessary evidence for extradition and that bin Laden be extradited to a third country in order to ensure a fair trial. Bush refused and went to war instead.

  68. Minsung Kim
    Minsung Kim September 1, 2019

    bush administration begins war on terrorism :

    terrorists: we have awoken the not even really sleeping giant

  69. B R
    B R September 2, 2019

    What does that laptop sticker even mean?

  70. Kieran McGarvey
    Kieran McGarvey September 3, 2019

    gonga ginga

  71. Başak Cemre Yenel
    Başak Cemre Yenel September 3, 2019

    murderrer and puppet Bushs(both dad and son)

  72. Adam Frankenberg
    Adam Frankenberg September 3, 2019

    Oh how I miss GWB, which even a few years ago is a sentence I never thought I'd type. GWB please forgive me for thinking, and calling you, a warmongering idiot. Now history has shown me what that actually looks.

  73. stefanos g
    stefanos g September 4, 2019

    great now I hate US more than ever

  74. Mohammad Kanjo
    Mohammad Kanjo September 6, 2019

    Hey John,
    i really love you for your objectivity especially while talking About Things like religion which is not thaaat easy. But today, i was a bit surprised by how Brief and Pretty onesided your summary of the Event of 09.11 was. I assume you that there was a Building called buildng number seven without being striken by an plane and that in only 6.5 seconds !!!! i personally do not believe that a Building would fall out of sorrow for Building collapsing arround him. And even the two world trade Towers, a Building collapsing because one of its, approximatly, 121 pillars was destabilized is a matchless phenomen that never happened in the known human history and, believe me, it will never repeat itself. A Building NEVER FALLS SYMMETRICALLY just because it was striken on its top by a plane taht doesnt even have enough fuel to burn it.
    your channel is awesome an i hope you remain so by telling the TRUTH unbiased and unfearing any possibe reaction from the People who dont feel comforted with it.
    Thank you

  75. Lois
    Lois September 11, 2019

    Holy Hell, John McCain was HOT

  76. Michael Shilling
    Michael Shilling September 12, 2019

    More history, less commentary please

  77. AK47 LCOB
    AK47 LCOB September 13, 2019

    Bush did shoe.

  78. aztecstargazer
    aztecstargazer September 15, 2019

    So. The wealthy thrived under Clinton. They squandered their capital by investing in tulip mania, and crashed the economy. And in turn punished their workers , who can't afford stock, by firing and refusing to rehire them? They weren't kidding when the cup overfloweth, it indead TRICKLES down . when it does not. Nothing comes but suffering.

  79. Eleanor
    Eleanor September 18, 2019

    I thought China was the worst country for carben ambitions?

  80. Drew W
    Drew W September 19, 2019

    Donald Trump bringing us back to the Middle East (Iran) in 2020?

  81. Evelyn Zlon
    Evelyn Zlon September 22, 2019

    One thing you have to respect about those Muslims, is that they sexually molested at least one American female soldier, and several civilians, as well. This may not have succeeded at repelling the military invasion, but it DID make it far too dangerous for American FAMILIES to settle in the Middle East. Anytime an enemy invades you, this is always a possible outcome, even if it is not their original intention.

    And to tell you the truth, I don't blame them. Whites have a fairly consistent track record of calling minority women whores, but lemme tell ya, they're the ones. Why, even Duchesses Kate and Meghan have a history of prostitution, yet their husbands force the downtrodden to honor them anyway. It would be really horrible to live under THAT degree of oppression, as a way of life.

  82. Alejandro Kaplan
    Alejandro Kaplan September 23, 2019

    Largest tax cut
    Trump:Hold my beer

  83. Vietnam Operator
    Vietnam Operator September 26, 2019

    If you are confused about the Iraq in War during 2003, please watch Generation Kill. It is a bit violent by the way.

  84. Nick Croxton
    Nick Croxton September 26, 2019

    “This machine kills fascists”. Haha yeah dude, I’m sure it does.

  85. Count Ravid
    Count Ravid September 29, 2019

    I remember where I was when 911 happened, I was pooping my pants in my cradle.

  86. AdamBeats
    AdamBeats September 30, 2019

    thanks for this

  87. Isaiah Jones
    Isaiah Jones October 1, 2019

    8:35 fuzzy math?

  88. The Real Jacbob
    The Real Jacbob October 3, 2019

    Doesn’t China have more emissions

  89. TUNESMITH da INFINITY Tunegate
    TUNESMITH da INFINITY Tunegate October 4, 2019

    All of these polices big brother

  90. eeveegaming4798
    eeveegaming4798 October 7, 2019

    Kek this is like touching a red pimple on a 14 year olds face it’s going to blow up in your face

  91. eeveegaming4798
    eeveegaming4798 October 7, 2019

    Be free or die

  92. Ryan Kitchen
    Ryan Kitchen October 14, 2019

    Bias

  93. I E
    I E October 15, 2019

    3:03 lol still hasn't happened, unfortunately

  94. Jeffrey Gillespie
    Jeffrey Gillespie October 16, 2019

    That t shirt LOL

  95. Matthew Petruzziello
    Matthew Petruzziello October 18, 2019

    You got your new Star Wars Trilogy.

  96. w41duvernay
    w41duvernay October 21, 2019

    AWW, yes. The clown who had NO domestic improvement policy, AND got 45k American troops killed in Iraq, and caused up to 1 million Iraq civilians killed as well, and the NO child left behind act, while he left his Brain behind repeatedly.

  97. Andrew Smythe
    Andrew Smythe October 21, 2019

    10:00 "when you do, there are some winners" let's wait to see what John thinks of the Stop B.E.Z.O.S. Act

  98. UCzDwella201
    UCzDwella201 October 21, 2019

    I remembered people didn’t want to vote for John McCain because they were afraid he’d o to war again because he was a prisoner….

  99. Mikail Imthiyaz
    Mikail Imthiyaz October 24, 2019

    3:40 …how did the rest of the world react? "f**k you you have killed us all"

  100. Sranger
    Sranger October 27, 2019

    At the end of the video, I thought I will have to wait for a week for the next video but then realized that this was released in 2014.

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