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Reconstruction: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly


The American Civil War ended in 1865. And a new conflict immediately began. The North won the first war. The South won the second. To truly understand American history, one
needs to understand how this happened, and why. The years immediately following the end of
the Civil War—1865 to 1877—are known in American history as “Reconstruction.” What should have been a glorious chapter in
America’s story—the full integration of 3.9 million freed slaves—instead became
a shameful one. It began with the assassination of Republican
president Abraham Lincoln. One week after the Civil War effectively ended,
the one man with the political savvy and shrewdness to have guided Reconstruction was gone. His successor was Vice-President Andrew Johnson,
a Tennessee Democrat. Johnson was the rare Southern politician who
stayed loyal to the Union during the Civil War. Lincoln added him to his reelection ticket
in 1864 as a gesture of wartime bi-partisanship. But Johnson was wholly unprepared for the
task. Under his Reconstruction plan, the defeated
rebels would be allowed to return to power, almost as if they had never left. The only requirement to rejoin the Union was
that they agree to ratify the 13th Amendment that abolished slavery. This was fine with the old Southern Democratic
ruling class. By agreeing to abolish slavery, they would
actually increase their political power. Whereas the Constitution’s old 3/5ths clause
limited slave states to counting only 3/5ths of their slaves for the purpose of determining
representation in Congress, after the Civil War, the Southern states were able to count
100% of the freed slaves. This would ensure the return to Congress of
Southern Democrats, and in even greater numbers than before the rebellion, allowing them—with
the help of their Democratic Party allies in the North—to fight Republican efforts
to secure the citizenship rights of the former slaves. Johnson’s plan set off three years of bitter
political warfare. The Republicans in Congress created their
own Congressional Reconstruction plan. Still in the overall majority there, they
reorganized ten of the Southern states into military occupation zones, requiring them
to write new state constitutions that recognized black civil rights before they could be readmitted
to the Union. Over fierce Democratic opposition, the Republicans
also managed to pass two new amendments to the Constitution—the 14th and 15th Amendments— guaranteeing
due process in law and voting rights in elections. Those rights enabled the former slaves to
help elect new state governments, to hold office, and even to send the first black representatives
and senators to Congress—all Republicans. Most important, in 1869, with the help of
500,000 votes from newly-enfranchised blacks, a new Republican president, Ulysses S. Grant,
took office. Grant was solidly behind the Congressional
Reconstruction plan. But a new problem arose: Disgruntled Southern
whites organized themselves into ad hoc militias to terrorize Southern blacks and their white
Republican supporters into silence. The largest and most famous of these militias
went by a still-familiar name: the Ku Klux Klan. President Grant fought the Klan and other
like-minded terror groups. But the fight required an extended military
intervention to keep the peace, and that cost time and money. Grant also had to deal with Northern Democrats,
who were sympathetic to Southern racism. With each new election—1868, 1870 and 1872—they
gained more congressional seats and more power. And then, in 1873, a major financial depression
began. Economically desperate, anxious to put the
remnants of the Civil War behind them, voters gave control of the House of Representatives
back to the Democrats in the 1874 midterm elections. Grant left office in 1877. Soon after, the last Republican state governments
in the South were overthrown. Black voters were disenfranchised, “Jim
Crow” racial segregation became the order, and the South returned to social and economic
backwardness. What could we have done better? First, we should have imposed a real occupation
on the defeated Confederacy, until a new political generation grew up in the South which learned
a newer lesson about race and rights than white supremacy. Second, we should have gotten landownership
into the hands of the freed slaves and brought the South into the same world of free markets,
economic mobility, small-scale manufacturing and industry that Lincoln’s Republicans
advocated. But the truth is that the North had won the
war. But the South had won the peace. That’s the real story of Reconstruction. I’m Allen Guelzo, professor of American
history at Gettysburg College, for Prager University.

100 Comments

  1. Phil Leigh
    Phil Leigh September 10, 2019

    https://civilwarchat.wordpress.com/2019/09/10/who-won-reconstruction/

  2. Nick Himml
    Nick Himml September 10, 2019

    the south was right. the totalitarian regime of the north was a greedy, abusive, power hungry dictatorship who only wanted slavery banned because they wanted southerners to pay extreme amounts to buy shitty untested machines the north built so they could even further limit southern states freedom and independence and increase their reliance on the north even more. the tariffs imposed on the south making them pay double in import fees if they bought goods from anyone other than the north was criminal..

    put it this way, if the founding fathers of the United States were alive in 1861, they wouldve all unanimously been fighting for the south. government tyranny, as the north had been for over two decades at this point, was something the founding fathers despised more than anything else. Dont get me started on the mass importation of low skilled immigrants the north participated in, because with machines requires more low skilled workers to clean and work alongside them for a slave wage anyways, the only people willing to do it were blacks and immigrants because white americans expected fair pay, which the northerners refused to pay.

    the north had no right to invade the south. theres a reason its known in the south as the war of northenr aggression, as it was. secession is a right, no a duty every state has if the federal government becomes totalitarian, the founding fathers such as jefferson stated as much. but since the north won, history gets written by the victors.

  3. IWG Inc
    IWG Inc September 10, 2019

    This vid is wrong in so many ways. The speaker didn’t tell that the THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION only freed slaves in Confederation held areas. There were Parishes in Louisiana that did not secede from the Union which made slavery legal in their Parish. Slavery was still legal in the Union. The Emancipation was Lincoln’s purpose to start a slave rebellion like happened in Haiti. The nation flag of Haiti was that of a white baby impaled with blood dripping from its body on a Speer and held up in the air as a sign of victory and hoisted over the country as the official flag of Haiti . If you want to see what the south would have looked like ; spend a week in rural Haiti.

    Johnson was a drunken hater of his own constituency empowered to do all kinds of crimes against the south and individuals living in that area regardless of who they supported during the war. Quakers were treated with the same cruelty as Confederate citizens.

    If the Union had occupied the South; the number of soldiers would have been spread out to the point that the organized Confederates (KKK, NIGHT RIDERS) would have picked the Union Army apart so brutally, that the war with North Vietnam would seem like a Sunday picnic.

    When naming the the things that happened during and shortly was the Corporation being formed to make the corporation United States. The bylaws consisting of some of the constitution’s laws of The United States of America which was replaced by The corporation United States. The voting rights laws were assigned to the States as well as Citizenship by the USA constitution. People were citizens of a State they lived in and were merely counted by the Federal Govt before the incorporation of the United States of America This was usurped by The corporation US. The changing of the election rules for Senators were changed by a so called constitutional amendment which didn’t take place, the same for income tax amendment later. It was amended by the rules of the US inc. Do you recognize that a Senator is named a US Senator, a Rep is a US Representative. The President is the President of the US. A corporation by incorporating law must have rules called bylaws , the US Constitution a President and a voting board, US House and must meet at least once a year with minutes taken and recorded.

    You talk about knowing history. The biggest psy-op ever recorded was the Civil War has concluded. In no time in history has the surrender of a standing army equaled the surrender of a country. Under this logic The Japanese won WWII when the Philippine islands were surrendered by Lt. General Wainwright in 1942. The Unions chased President Davis to capture him to make him sign the instruments of surrender and steal the CSA treasury. It was so late after Lees surrender nobody wanted to tear down the illusion of surrender and the gold of the treasury was probably take by Union officers.

    The principles of the south was honor. God, country, family. slavery had only the use of turning the United States of America into a Federal Government that turned its citizen into slaves at the point of a gun. Not only does the IRS have guns, they have swat teams to terrorize to insure they get the slaves property as opposed to their labor. They figured slavery controlled by the lash of the whip was not economical because the had to house, feed, clothe, and doctor the slave. It’s much more efficient to,tell the slave they have property rights and to keep them you must give your 55% to 65% of property to the master or the,gun is,going to go off. For clarity the biggest desertion with the deserters going to Canada was not the Vietnam Nam war. It was the Civil war after the Emancipation proclamation. The soldiers did not know that Lincoln was trying to start a Bloody rebellion against whites in the south they thought the reason for the war had changed from keeping the Union to freeing the slaves thus record desertion. Their only concern for slaves is they were unfair competition for wages. If the stated purpose for the war was to eliminate Slavery, the capital of this nation would be Richmond Virginia the flag would be the CSA Flag. Slavery would have been taken care of by a Government by out plan to reimburse the owners for their lost property’s this is how slavery was eliminated in Europe. No bloodshed their over Slaves.

    I could go on for days. My grandfather never met his grandfather. Every year we would go to his family grave yard and look for large field rock that fell over that may have been his grandfather that died in the civil war. I found out through the internet that he was captured and died at Camp Morton in Indianapolis Indiana of dysentery long after he died. The were Scott-Irish and never bought a slave. They had slaves but they got them the old fashioned way. They sired children.

    Remember the issue of slavery of the rank and file soldiers was not about slavery but Union which meant little states rights. Most soldiers didn’t know why there should be a Union.

    If anybody,thinks the civil war is over your wrong. Just look at this guy in the video. Military installments in the conquered south. The seizure of land to give away at a their whim. The Yankees are still trying to disarm us and have been trying since 1865. How’s that worked out for them. Most Yankees are city dwellers and think food comes from a store, water from a tap, and housing from the government. 1 neutron device set off on Yankees would cause the awakening of the walking dead. The ones whose escape, where do you think they will go. The CSA that’s where.

    Prager, I’m ashamed of you. Try to break the cycle. General Ulysses S. Grant cut a field order that prohibited Jew merchants to operate any where Us troops were billeted due to the Jews selling tools of war to both the North and Southerns. I know you don’t know Jesus but you better find him and ask for a little clarity. The guy listen to might not be who you think he is. He may be a deceiver.

  4. Area Mann
    Area Mann September 10, 2019

    Just made an argument for reparations.

  5. Laura Shellabarger
    Laura Shellabarger September 10, 2019

    Excellent explanation of the 3/5ths clause.

  6. Spacecoastz
    Spacecoastz September 10, 2019

    Blacks are not only their worst enemy by voting democratic, but for our nation by voting democratic.

  7. David Tucker
    David Tucker September 10, 2019

    I am skeptical of his "solution" to reconstruction… A bigger occupation would have caused MORE hatred and division, and cost MORE money.

  8. Heavy D
    Heavy D September 11, 2019

    flip sales i will take $100000 to debate you Candace. lol actually you would school me but i will gladly get schooled for that 🙂 peace from Canada. TRUMP 2020 .

  9. Robert Shipley
    Robert Shipley September 11, 2019

    I really disagreed with this one. Thank you

  10. Ezra
    Ezra September 11, 2019

    repubs and dems are two faces of the same dirty corrupt shekel.

  11. Alex, Honored Knight
    Alex, Honored Knight September 11, 2019

    One of the best PragerU videos yet!

  12. Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas Jefferson September 11, 2019

    If we had waited ten years not only would there not be a war but slavery would have died

  13. Theshadow XJ
    Theshadow XJ September 11, 2019

    You idiots forgot Jim Crow, nice try.

  14. BeauPierre Bondurant
    BeauPierre Bondurant September 11, 2019

    reconstruction.yay.

  15. Kevin Brown
    Kevin Brown September 11, 2019

    So basically the Thaddeus Stevens reconstruction plan

  16. BeauPierre Bondurant
    BeauPierre Bondurant September 11, 2019

    Allen wrote a really good bio on Lincoln,called "redeemer president".

  17. James Mac777
    James Mac777 September 11, 2019

    Reconstruction was ugly, but there is no easy answer, because this was born out of the American Civil War. In order to bring the wayward South back into the United States of America and with representation in Congress, this ugly step was used. Despite its problems, the Union has been reformed.

  18. TiglathPileser3
    TiglathPileser3 September 11, 2019

    interesting….

  19. Papa Bless
    Papa Bless September 11, 2019

    Do people really not realize the political parties went through a realignment in the 30s when they essentially switched their beliefs? The Democratic Party used to be for small government. The old beliefs of the political parties have nothing to do with how they are today. The only similarities they share are in name.

  20. Chad Disrud
    Chad Disrud September 11, 2019

    “We should have imposed a real occupation on the defeated Confederacy until a new political generation grew up in the South.” What does that mean! Who is “we”? This is about the most anti-American, unpatriotic anti-liberating Statement I’ve ever seen. So in essence he is saying after defeating nations, the USA federal government should have occupied those nations even more until their governments had been replaced by those with foreign ideologies. I could see a NAZI leader in 1940 saying the same. Defeat some nations which simply wish to be independent, then occupy their lands and governments until their governments are replaced with our ideology. Every person who loves liberty should be greatly offended by the historical inaccuracies presented in this video and the absolutely crazy ideas thus professor is presenting. It’s terribly unAmerican.

  21. Michael Delia
    Michael Delia September 11, 2019

    After the civil war, we should have become the black and white America of the u United states. This is our, black and white united country. Our black Americans have invented, and created and invented so much. I am sick with liberal attitudes. But we dont learn in history books about the American blacks contributions to our there country.

  22. Olivia Rubio
    Olivia Rubio September 11, 2019

    First off, you can't gloss over how the south was split into military districts and the states were forced to write new constitutions as if it was done NICELY by the republicans. All southern soldiers were treated like shit by the north and (if I'm remembering correctly) were never given back their american citizenship. Then, the formation of groups like the KKK sprung up in order to protect themselves, mainly widows and their children, from violence of former slaves and northerners. The KKK and other similar groups were formed as a REACTION to REPUBLICAN POLICIES after Sherman's scorched earth and the anaconda plan that starved the south. Grant wasn't a great leader either he was a drunk with a temper who pulled it together for the war but not for peace. What the republicans/northerners did to the south/democrats is just as bad as what the Treaty of Versailles did to Germany after WWI, to pretend like the republicans didn't do anything wrong is no better than the democrats claiming they were the party that ended slavery and opposed jim crow and the kkk. Both are lies.

  23. Gospel Believer
    Gospel Believer September 11, 2019

    "The north had won the war but the south had won the peace"

  24. Raymond Licon
    Raymond Licon September 11, 2019

    The southern militias sound a lot like Antifa. Lots of irony there.

  25. Mike B
    Mike B September 11, 2019

    Leftism is genetic. We should have put every democrat to death in 1865. Republicans are too nice. So now we are doomed to repeat the civil war.

  26. Steve Kroll
    Steve Kroll September 11, 2019

    Nothing has significantly changed , except that now, the Democrats are even more blatant in their racism.

  27. ᛗᛁᚾᛖᚱᚡᚨ'ᛋ ᛟᚹᛚ
    ᛗᛁᚾᛖᚱᚡᚨ'ᛋ ᛟᚹᛚ September 11, 2019

    God damn, this is some cringy boomer-tier shit being spouted here.

    With allies like this, who needs enemies?

  28. KnightmareRaider93
    KnightmareRaider93 September 11, 2019

    A lot of these videos I must take with a grain of salt, but I must take my hat off for this one. If there’s one thing it fails to mention, it’s the political realignment stemming from Nixon’s “Southern Strategy”. This effectively swapped the positions of the two parties, setting up today’s political landscape.
    For decades from reconstruction until the ‘60s, the predominantly democrat south was known as the “solid south”. White southerners with long memories wanted nothing to do with “the party of Lincoln”. Oh, how history turns itself inside out…

  29. Stryker1500
    Stryker1500 September 11, 2019

    The sides never switched, Democrats just got better at lying.

  30. Alex Davis
    Alex Davis September 11, 2019

    I like that title

  31. lemmdus
    lemmdus September 11, 2019

    Dems have always been about identity politics.

  32. Sphinx 1991
    Sphinx 1991 September 11, 2019

    i like this accent, sounds like if author is frying a steak with his voice.

  33. Bass of Doom
    Bass of Doom September 11, 2019

    "Oh I'm a Good Ol' Rebel…"

  34. Crazy Elf
    Crazy Elf September 11, 2019

    This video should be a warning to ALL Americans IF "We the People" allow the democrats to take hold of the presidency and both houses of Congress in the 2020 elections!

  35. David R
    David R September 11, 2019

    Ty

  36. Run Hard
    Run Hard September 11, 2019

    The demokkkRat party is a domestic terrorist organization.

  37. BlueEmber
    BlueEmber September 11, 2019

    Robert Welch in 1958 describes how America will be destroyed.  
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sHyn7lEUeyk

  38. BlueEmber
    BlueEmber September 11, 2019

    Alex Collier – Jewish Slave Trade History
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-e96WYEPc_k
     
    The history that the old "Black-Jewish Coalition" clumsily avoids is the entire three century history of Jewish presence in South America and the Caribbean. But other highly acclaimed Jewish scholars have not been so blind: Lee M. Friedman, a one-time president of the American Jewish Historical Society, wrote that in Brazil, where most of the Africans actually went, "the bulk of the slave trade was in the hands of Jewish settlers." Marcus Arkin wrote that the Jews of Surinam used "many thousands" of Black slaves. Herbert I. Bloom wrote that "the slave trade was one of the most important Jewish activities here (in Surinam) as elsewhere in the colonies." He even published a 1707 list of Jewish buyers by name with the number of Black humans they purchased. Cecil Roth, writer of 30 books and hundreds of articles on Jewish history, wrote that the slave revolts in parts of South America "were largely directed against [Jews] as being the greatest slave-holders of the region." "I gather," wrote Jewish scholar Wilfred Samuels, "that the Jews [of Barbados] made a good deal of their money by purchasing and hiring out negroes…" According to the Jewish historians, all Barbadian Jews owned slaves – even the rabbi had "the enjoyment of his own two negro attendants." In Curaçao which was a major slave trading depot, Isaac and Susan Emmanuel report that "the shipping business was mainly a Jewish enterprise." Says yet another Jewish writer of the Jews of Curaçao, "Almost every Jew bought from one to nine slaves for his personal use or for eventual resale." Seymour B. Liebman in his New World Jewry, made it clear that "[t]he ships were not only owned by Jews, but were manned by Jewish crews and sailed under the command of Jewish captains." Moshe Kahan stated bluntly that in 1653-1658, " Jewish-Marrano merchants were in control of the Spanish and Portuguese trade, were almost in control of the Levantine trade…were interested in the Dutch East and West Indian companies, were heavily involved in shipping; and, most important, had at their disposal large amounts of capital." In Brazil, where most of our kidnapped ancestors were sent, Jewish scholar Arnold Wiznitzer is most explicit about Jewish involvement: "Besides their important position in the sugar industry and in tax farming, they dominated the slave trade. From 1636 to 1645 a total of 23,163 Negro slaves arrived from Africa and were sold for 6,714,423 florins. The West India Company, which monopolized imports of slaves from Africa, sold slaves at public auctions against cash payment. It happened that cash was mostly in the hands of Jews. The buyers who appeared at the auctions were almost always Jews, and because of this lack of competitors they could buy slaves at low prices. On the other hand, there also was no competition in the selling of the slaves to the plantation owners and other buyers, and most of them purchased on credit payable at the next harvest in sugar. Profits up to 300 percent of the purchase value were often realized with high interest rates… If it happened that the date of such an auction fell on a Jewish holiday the auction had to be postponed. This occurred on Friday, October 21, 1644." http://www.jewwatch.com/jew-atrocities-slaves-jews-and-the-black-holocaust.html

  39. Alex Hardbarger
    Alex Hardbarger September 11, 2019

    I think the North dropped the ball with reconstruction and black rights because they didn't set out to emancipate the slaves when the war started. It suppose to be a quick war to "crush the rebellion with one swift stroke" and keep the South with all its wealth and resources in the Union. The war didn't become the humanitarian crusade we often tout it to be until the North started losing the war and needed a PR spin to keep public support and dissuade European powers from siding with the Confederates. I feel if it had been about black rights from the beginning, the North would have been more willing to really crack down on the South. But because their primary motivation was preserving the Union, they were more compromising which consequently let the South "win the peace."

  40. Old Major
    Old Major September 11, 2019

    This is just neo-con non-sense. Below is real history: https://youtu.be/VYhvhuQGqTA

  41. The Clockwork Tinkershop
    The Clockwork Tinkershop September 11, 2019

    um, no. im not for military occupation by the feds.

  42. Emmett Mitcham
    Emmett Mitcham September 11, 2019

    Democrats whites only bathrooms Democrats Drinking fountain white only Democrats schools whites only there’s a lot more the Democrats done

  43. General South
    General South September 11, 2019

    Free handouts and welfare aside, makes you wonder why majority of blacks today vote Democrat. They have literally sold their soul to the devil.

  44. Gagik Hovhannisyan
    Gagik Hovhannisyan September 11, 2019

    I shall remember this: "One won the war, other won the peace." Nice! Thank you.

  45. plowboysghost
    plowboysghost September 11, 2019

    This video is full of inaccuracies, omissions, and outright propaganda.

  46. Phil Leigh
    Phil Leigh September 11, 2019

    There are so many errors in this it is an abomination. See lik below.

    https://civilwarchat.wordpress.com/2019/09/10/who-won-reconstruction/

  47. Lorenzo Lorenzo
    Lorenzo Lorenzo September 11, 2019

    Military occupation of the South would have been the same as a tyrannical military occupation of the US today, complete failure.

  48. Rosa Yancey
    Rosa Yancey September 11, 2019

    I'm commenting before watching this. I know I'm going to hate it.

  49. Justin Welton
    Justin Welton September 11, 2019

    He forgot about the part where Ulysses allowed southern democrats to enforce "Southern Rule" over the south in exchange for the South to recognize him as President. This allowed congress and the presidency to turn a blind eye towards blacks in the South for over 90 years. Blacks were tortured, kidnapped, lynched, raped and their land was stolen. Many were forced to leave and find refugee with in big cities today including Baltimore, Chicago and Philadelphia. Very hard to establish wealth under these conditions.

  50. Rosa Yancey
    Rosa Yancey September 11, 2019

    This was idiotic

  51. Richard Williams
    Richard Williams September 11, 2019

    Notice when the Democrats took back the southern States…they brought back racial segregation (Jim Crow Laws), blacks were disenfranchised, and the south returned to "social and economic backwardness". The Democrats haven't changed a bit, the only difference is they try to hide their agendas in order to fool the black voters into voting Democrat…it's all about having power to control everything and everybody !

  52. FREESLAVE
    FREESLAVE September 11, 2019

    And this is precisely why they stopped teaching history in public schools. Information is powerful, and when people are equipped with truth, they aren't as easily mislead as they are today.

  53. Arthur Minx
    Arthur Minx September 11, 2019

    I’m a liberal, but I have to say; Prager U does do a good job teaching about the Civil War. White southerns love telling historically inaccurate tales about the Civil War. It’s nice to see that there are some people in the right telling the truth.

  54. Sarah Key
    Sarah Key September 11, 2019

    Interesting piece underlines the dire need for the reparations issue to be dealt with. Clearly not dealt with at the time. This now needs to be done. That bill has gone unpaid too long.

  55. Mr Twitch
    Mr Twitch September 11, 2019

    I wish there was a movie or well done documentary on this era to shine a light on the facts. This would be fascinating to watch and put a lot of modern democrat lies to rest.

  56. Giuseppe Pollicino
    Giuseppe Pollicino September 11, 2019

    Acquiring new slave contracts should've been abolished not the act of owning a slave, otherwise, this is infringing on the right of private property. If the Radical Republicans got what they wanted, we would not have the right to own and trade property as a whole. Not all Republicans are right-wing, the Spanish civil war, the Northern Ireland conflict, and the French revolution were all left-wing republican wars. Hint: The Republicans in the Spanish civil war were aided by the USSR, Mexico, and France.

  57. Oliver Twist
    Oliver Twist September 11, 2019

    Multiracialism is a joke

  58. Micheal Hobbs
    Micheal Hobbs September 11, 2019

    Back in the day you could run with the other party as your partner, and nowadays you'd just be called an uncle tom or worse.

  59. Shane Brewer
    Shane Brewer September 11, 2019

    Usually when i watch a PragerU video i find a reasonable, well- thought out, well-presnted idea that provokes thought and conversation, even if i disagree with the point. This video is well presented, but the only thing it provokes utter confusion and disappointment in PragerU for allowing this video to tarnish their good name. I won't dispute that the post civil war transition was rocky or perhaps mishandled. That said, the suggestion of multi- generational military occupation until the desired political mindset was attained in the South not only runs directly opposite of the principle of Liberty, its straight up insult to everything the Founding Fathers stood for, fought and died for. It is Marxist authoritarian doctrine to the core. Stalin and Mao would be proud. I fully believed in the Right of Free Speech, but PragerU should have at least put a disclaimer on this video detaching themselves from the content.

  60. Britton Thompson
    Britton Thompson September 11, 2019

    Are you insane? A full throated military occupation of the South would've only made things worse. That was Southerners final red line they were prepared to never allow to be crossed. It would've prolonged hostilities. Hell, the plan they went with pretty much did that anyway regardless, so just imagine how much worse it would've made things had they gone with a full scale occupation force. Hostilities against the north in the South increased once the ex-Confederacy grew weary of the North's promises to rebuild the South in the North's more industrial image, yet were never fulfilled. Instead of rebuilding or expanding the South's railways and sea ports, the North just kept focusing on the already prospering Atlantic seaboard instead.

    The federal govt played cronyism with it's Northern base, and later prioritized the West over the South despite promises otherwise.

    What's so peculiar about all this is the way you start off praising Lincoln for being the more prepared statesman, when Lincoln never believed in an occupation of the South post-hostilities. Lincoln respected the South enough as countrymen to know better than to try something so risky to the long term future of America.

    Occupation would've shattered it forever.

  61. LumberJackJetpack
    LumberJackJetpack September 11, 2019

    This is knowingly dishonest. You label the socially and economically conservative Dixiecrats democrats in an effort to make the modern liberal democrat party look like they support slavery/segregation. This is false as the parties switched in the 70's, due to southern democrat & republican opposition to northern democrat and republican efforts to pass the civil rights act

  62. Lonnie Bennett
    Lonnie Bennett September 11, 2019

    This is why the Demon-crats should of never been given back power after the civil war. The demon-crats are still at war with the Republicans and will take the power back at any means.

  63. Gulag 17
    Gulag 17 September 11, 2019

    Thank you, PragerU, for teaching me something that I already knew since 9th grade.

  64. RuxRox
    RuxRox September 11, 2019

    What's with "white supremacy" could have been removed? Seems added for goading . Islam sold blacks and into slavery but kept the white slaves for themselves. A matter of supremacy?

  65. Smugli
    Smugli September 11, 2019

    the parties switched platforms in the early 20th century :/

  66. Todd
    Todd September 11, 2019

    Oof another failed civil war video from Prager, the south did not immediately gain power after the 13th amendment, the states were still under the control of the union until the next presidential election, where yes the freed slaves that was able to vote counted toward their electoral votes but so did the north.

  67. Ryan Witt
    Ryan Witt September 11, 2019

    This video is confusing:

    How is it that Lincoln’s assassination ruined reconstruction when Lincoln pocket-vetoed the radical republican Wade-Davis bill and put forward his 10 percent plan? Lincoln wanted full reconciliation and Johnson was more stringent than Lincoln. There’s no evidence Lincoln wanted to punish the south after the war?

    If the republicans were truly virtuous on race issues in 1865 then why were they so concerned about eliminating the 3/5 compromise. In fact, the south wanted 5/5 representation for blacks since 1789 for obvious reasons. If the north truly cared about black representation as a moral issue, then they would have went with it no problem.

    Guezlo proudly states that the north turned the south into multiple military occupation zones while enfranchising 500,000 blacks. Great, but he failed to mention that they also disenfranchised 500,000 whites, while under military occupation, while confiscating land from white land owners, and suspended civil liberties for southerners, all under president Johsnons administration – how could he then be considered “soft” on reconstruction? Maybe this is what led to “disgruntled white southerners.”

    There is also a lack of detail describing Grants administration which was rocked with scandal and corruption along with his carpetbagger policies in the south that led to a democratic revival in the 1870s. Jim Crow, by the way, began in the North, and from the republican party’s infancy they labeled themselves as the white mans party. Look up Lincoln’s own words on race and also look up Benjamin Wades views on race. There was no virtuous race relations party in America in 1865.

    Is this video really about truth, or is it really about what letter, R or D, that people politically subscribe to today?

  68. DevinTheGamer
    DevinTheGamer September 11, 2019

    Wait, but weren’t old Republicans similar to modern Democrats and vise versa? That’s what I’ve heard before.

  69. DevinTheGamer
    DevinTheGamer September 11, 2019

    “Many of PragerU’s videos have no political theme at all.” – PragerU vs YouTube video

  70. Robert Beck
    Robert Beck September 11, 2019

    And it turned out the old white guy un educated Sexually frustrated overweight Republican turned out to be the racist

  71. Redryder 120
    Redryder 120 September 11, 2019

    What's with this shite about modern Democrats being bad because of Democrats of reconstruction? It's been ~150 years

  72. Robert
    Robert September 11, 2019

    Robert E Lee was against slavery before, during and after the civil war, Lincoln wanted to send all blacks back to Africa. But, of course PragerJew would leave out these details and praise Lincoln instead.

  73. YTRulesFromNM
    YTRulesFromNM September 11, 2019

    PragerU is a racist stain on Hillary Clinton's arse.

    Everyone involved in PragerU deserves Cancer.

  74. Daily Box Days
    Daily Box Days September 11, 2019

    Do like 5 minutes of research and you can debunk this video. Notice they were SOUTHERN democrats. And no, even if he said there were almost 0 northern democrats. But back then the republicans were liberals. If you leave you’re little conservative bubble you’ll find that. Now who’s in the NORTH and who are the liberals? I’ll give you a hint, not the Republicans.

  75. Red-Blooded America
    Red-Blooded America September 11, 2019

    "We should have imposed a real occupation on the defeated confederacy." This maniac should know that the Union already imposed an occupation and that occupation was on free American citizens. This pro-Republican version of Reconstruction and Civil War always seems to leave out a lot of very important details about the conflict and occupation–most of which involve the deaths of thousands of Americans on both sides and then the domination and subjugation of free American citizens by the general government. It's tyrannical, but because it's "pro-Republican" and "anti-Democrat" it gets a platform on PragerU and Dinesh D'Souza films.

  76. christian cervantes
    christian cervantes September 11, 2019

    There's no awful everything in Wars, stop blaming my History!! LET IT GO!!!!

  77. Roger Lindsey
    Roger Lindsey September 11, 2019

    It's so sad that we can't get out of the past this is 2019 not 1819 or 1919 let's catch up

  78. The FBI & DOJ colluded to cover up hillary's crimes
    The FBI & DOJ colluded to cover up hillary's crimes September 11, 2019

    What this video gets wrong is that we should have repatriated all blacks back to Africa.

    It was a crime when Africans kidnapped their own people in Africa and sold them to slavers. We needed to right this wrong and re-immigrate all blacks back to Africa. The United States should have done the morally right and just thing and shipped them all back!

    We still can. We can institute a policy NOW to re-immigrate all the blacks in America back to Africa. Back to their homeland! They hate it here. So let's do the right thing and ship them all back NOW!

  79. Tommy Longmire
    Tommy Longmire September 12, 2019

    I am truly disappointed in this PC video. During Reconstruction the North continued to subjugate and punish the South, only for power and money, the same reason the Lincoln provoked the war to begin with. The southern militias (KKK), during reconstruction, were set up for protection against the Union league attacks, they were not the same KKK revived in the early 20th century or the minuscule KKK of today. The North didn't want the black to move to the north or west. The West was land "reserved" for white people. Grant was one of the most corrupt administrations in our history, allowing the Robber Barons steal money and land from the government and make money from "wage slaves". This video is wrong. I am disappointed that Prager U create this video. Maybe you're just wanting to make the Democrats look like the bad guys and the Republicans look like the good guys.

  80. terrorcop101
    terrorcop101 September 12, 2019

    So basically, everything we've been trying to do in Afghanistan and Iraq.  What should've been done is Lincoln should've had a better security detail so Boothe wouldn't have been able to get close to him.  As you said, Lincoln was the man most fit for the job of bringing the south back into the union and enact the social reforms needed to cut down on disgruntlement enough for freed slaves to be accepted into mainstream society.  Instead we got a weak president, a radical congress, violations of the Bill of Rights (Lincoln never acknowledged the south's secession, so they technically were still American citizens), and ad hoc socio-political chaos from all sides.  The original silent film Birth of a Nation portrays the KKK almost as Robin Hoods in a time when the south was being oppressed by a military power; I hate to say it, but that part isn't entirely far from the truth.

  81. Federal Republic of Yugoslovenia
    Federal Republic of Yugoslovenia September 12, 2019

    This is why I am a Black Conservative

  82. Thononian
    Thononian September 12, 2019

    I came here from the ad purely to say that this video glosses over one major point that connects it to modern times. The facts presented here are about the once liberal Republicans and once conservative Democrats. Party names mean nothing, it’s about the values that they uphold. Most modern conservative Republicans would have been conservative Democrats in the 1870s.

  83. carterbroadway39
    carterbroadway39 September 12, 2019

    I wish all blacks would actually try to see who cares about them…us.

  84. musicmansuperman
    musicmansuperman September 12, 2019

    Real American history. Love it! Give us more!

  85. Judicious Aim
    Judicious Aim September 12, 2019

    So….. how do the demoncrats get away with saying republicans are racists and demoncrats are the saviors of non-whites?

    Indoctrination via ALL public schools with a complicit media. That is how.

  86. Morlair
    Morlair September 12, 2019

    This stinks of the worst kind of political pandering. This kind of lazy 'the left are the real racists' argument is only harmful to the causes of the right!
    And what the hell is with those 'what we should have done' solutions? Forced land redistribution? Direct mention of 'white supremacy'? This is more akin to somthing antifa would publish if that had a lick more sense
    Those 'solutions' would have reignited the war!
    Hell, the measured taken to FORCE racial equality were and still are blatantly unconstitutional!

  87. Marc O'Brien
    Marc O'Brien September 12, 2019

    Seriously is this real?

  88. Nic Singleton
    Nic Singleton September 12, 2019

    14th was never admitted. And why no mention of the Union Leagues?

  89. John Ratican
    John Ratican September 12, 2019

    No one at the time heard of an interracial democracy. Blacks could not vote in the north either. The only exceptions were a couple of New England states with miniscule black populations. So it was hypocritical of the North to impose equality upon the defeated South. To extend the occupation would have only increased the bitterness. It would take time to really change the culture; you cannot do that overnight. So, in a rare case, I must respectfully disagree with a Prager University video.

  90. Andrew Martin
    Andrew Martin September 12, 2019

    Well there’s an obvious fallacy in this clearly revisionist history… at the time of reconstruction, the realignment of the political parties would still have been about a century away, so these “evil democrats” would really be republicans in today’s society and virtuous mr.lincoln would be a Democrat. I can’t believe that republicans still claim Lincoln as one of their own even as their white aristocratic senators go around spouting hate speeh.

  91. David McLeod
    David McLeod September 12, 2019

    I'm a conservative republican eighth generation son of Alabama and you paint with to broad a brush in your effort to make all things democrat bad.
    The black republican was just as evil with his repeated violations of the Constitution.

  92. Warren D Smith
    Warren D Smith September 12, 2019

    Viewers should be aware that "PragerU" is not an actual university.It does not hold classes,. It does not grant diplomas. It is not accredited by any recognized body. It is a name created to give the fake impression that some university is behind it.It instead is a propaganda organization funded by a few billionaires to present their point of view.

  93. Rainbow Lion
    Rainbow Lion September 12, 2019

    Its amazimg the similatities between the ku Klux Klan and modern day antifa and leftist militias. Wow!

  94. gundam ghost
    gundam ghost September 12, 2019

    My Godless father (Communism)

    There is a father in hear, so I must pretending to be saying like he is not his father, and promote I am superior like God by pretending I am a godless scholar at the same time where I must teach this kid everyday that he is no longer his true father no matter same gene. This is the reason why this kid kill his father and give me all his of father money to me.He say to me I love you Mao Zedong!

    Communism

    My God Fatherless.

    There is a mother in here, so I must pretending to say her that children should be having father because God is the masculine; therefore, I must force her children to be training to be the God soldier where her children can kill anything from that Godless father.The Kid say, I love you father, I must kill all Godless father no matter my mother don't want me to die. (Hitler wants to kill Stalin and Mao Zedong).

    Fascism

  95. David Myrick
    David Myrick September 12, 2019

    No black land ownership in the south after the civil war? Look up the burning of the Orange county N.C. courthouse.. Since transfer of land to freed slaves was illegal North Carolina landowners willing to turn over the, "40 acres and a mule", demanded now by so many black leftists. Legally adopted their former slaves to fulfill their obligations. The records of which were the first thing burned in what no one now denies was arson that allowed white democrats to claim the land for themselves. While running off other black owners with claims of years in unpaid property taxes

  96. smb0621
    smb0621 September 12, 2019

    Wow…that’s really sad how things played out.

  97. Jason Nels
    Jason Nels September 12, 2019

    Misinformation. Good job guys, Goebbels would be proud. By omitting key details you can sway the narrative. I pray every day for the soles of those you torment.

  98. Upcame Hill
    Upcame Hill September 12, 2019

    The North won the war; the South won the peace.

  99. jon smith
    jon smith September 12, 2019

    Bravo, well put sir.

  100. lee leavelle
    lee leavelle September 12, 2019

    It’s funny what side the white supremacists support now.

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