What does this mean? Some people are very rigid while some are open to understanding others view. They are flexible. Second Example, a substance that is very hard where as, another substance that is supple and can be moulded or shaped. Like glass, from which the objects can be distinctly seen. From a bottle objects can be seen through both sides. Another example of transparency is, partners in a business when come together commit complete openness and honesty with each other. The topic of chapter 7 is Outcomes of Democracy How do we assess Outcomes of Democracy? Is democracy a better form of government? It promotes equality among citizens. It does not discriminate between people. As every individual has their citizen rights. It maintains dignity of the citizens irrespective of any age group from a child to an adult. It treats people with respect and harmony building unity & respect amongst the people. Decisions are taken in a democratic way by including representatives. In situations where a consensus is not reached or there is no clarity, the decisions include consultations with knowledge experts. Different views are shared and after clarity on the subject, a decision is taken. Such a decision when implemented proves more beneficial to the larger population. This improves the quality of decision making. Under democracy, all citizens have equal rights. However, disagreements between the groups may lead to arguments or conflicts. Democracy provides a method to resolve conflicts. This form of government also allows room to correct mistakes and settle disputes. Democracy gives flexibility in governing and decision making. Is the democratic government efficient or not? A democratic government and a non-democratic government. For example, in the economy of a non-democratic government, the rulers take decisions like increase in the price of fuels, vegetables etc. They are indifferent towards majorities and public opinion. On the other hand, a democratic government is more supportive towards its people. It focuses on development, encourages education for all. A set group of people cannot take decisions independently, It is necessary to involve political representatives in the decision making process keeping in mind the socio-economic structure present in the country. Such unanimous decisions are declared in the country. We have a non-democratic government and a democratic government. If you remember we have compared a democratic and a non-democratic government. Did you understand the comparison between the two? Across the world, there are some countries who have a non-democratic government and some have a democratic government. Over time, people became more aware about democracy and their rights. They approached their governments advocated strongly for these rights. Certain governments approved these demands forming a democratic government. However, democracy is not prevalent in all the countries of the world. Some countries are non-democratic while some are. The largest democratic country in the world is India. How is democracy efficient? There are seven characteristics of an efficient democratic government. I will explain these characteristics in Part-II.