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Anti-Capitalist Chronicles: The Brazilian Elections

This is David Harvey and you’re
listening to the Anti-Capitalist Chronicles, a podcast that looks at
capitalism through a Marxist lens. This podcast is made possible by Democracy at
Work. Okay, I can’t resist starting this week with some lines from a Leonard
Cohen song, which I think captures a lot of what is been going on. It’s called
“Everybody Knows,” and the lyrics go like this: “everybody knows that the dice are
loaded, everybody rolls with their fingers crossed, everybody knows the war is over, everybody knows the good guys lost. Everybody knows the fight was fixed, the poor stayed poor and the rich get rich,
that’s how it goes, everybody knows.” So the interesting question for me is” what
is it that everybody knows about our current conjuncture? And I want to talk a
little bit about the election results that came out on October the 8th in
Brazil. What happened was that a guy called Jair Bolsonaro got 46% of the
vote in the first round of the elections. This was 10% more than the polls were
predicting, so he did far better than was expected. And against him, incoming
number 2, was the Workers Party candidate who got around 29% of the vote, and then
a bunch of other candidates. So there had to be a runoff, but it was pretty clear
from the fact that Bolsonaro got 46% of the vote that he very likely would
prevail in the second round of the elections. Now, there are number of the
things that are interesting about this result because Bolsonaro is a slightly
off-color, right-wing alternative kind of candidate. But interestingly the results
sparked a huge rally on the Brazilian stock exchange. Stocks went up by 6% the next day . The Brazilian real improved by 3% on world markets at a time when emerging markets were generally having a very, very hard time.
So the commercial response, Bolsonaro’s position was very, very positive.
And the big question is: why? Because there was nothing in Bolsonaro’s record to suggest that he was particularly pro-business. As a congressman he had being kind of pretty much a person on his own on the far, far
right. He had run in the election on really a platform of ending corruption.
Now ending corruption – or as we call it in Washington, “draining the swamp” – it’s
becoming a bit of a political sort of gambit these days. And there’s a big
difference between dealing with corruption and using corruption as a
means to go after your opponents. And in Brazil, yeah, there seems to be a lot of corruption around, but there’s no question that it has been used
essentially to emasculate the left rather than to go after the right. President Dilma was thrown out as president as a result of a corruption scandal but it was simply that she manipulated statistical data. It
wasn’t personal corruption. The person who went after her ended up in jail for corruption, and a new president who came in was on the record as saying some very
very corrupt things but nobody went after him. So when Bolsonaro says he’s
going after corruption, pretty clearly he was going to go after corruption in the
Workers Party and on the left. And this is something which again is something that’s going on worldwide. The Chinese for example have a very big program against corruption now, and it’s not clear whether this is against opponents
or whether it’s really dealing with the root causes of the corruption that does
certainly exist. Bolsonaro is also on record as having great admiration for the military dictatorship which existed in Brazil in
1970s and 1980s, and actually raised the question of security. The security of the
population, the criminal activity that needed to be dealt with, and suggested
that he would bring back the military, if necessary, to deal with it. Further, he expressed admiration for the president of the Philippines, Duarte, who’d taken
extra juridical means to deal with drug gangs and the like. In other words, you
come across a drug dealer, you just shoot him dead, and that’s it.
So this is the kind of person that Bolsonaro is. Furthermore, he was on record as saying all kinds of misogynistic things,
all kinds of negative things of the sort, that we’ve got used to President Trump
saying which earned Bolsonaro the nickname of “Trump of the tropics.” A
tropical Trump, as it were. Bolsonaro got elected on that kind of platform. So the question is, why would all of the financiers and the Brazilian stock
market all kind of rally behind him and say, “this is great, this is what we want,
and this is what we need!” Well, it turns out that Bolsonaro
has a financial advisor, and his financial advisor is an economist called
Paulo Guedes. Now Paulo Guedes is an economist trained in Chicago. Note that
well: Chicago. Remember, it was Chicago that provided the Chicago Boys to
General Pinochet in the wake of the coup of 1973, in which the socialist President
Salvador Allende was ousted and the economy was reimagined in terms of
Chicago economic theory. So the Chicago boys became very, very
significant in the first wave of neoliberalization which is unleashed in
Latin America through the Pinochet coup. And here is a Chicago economist who says
he is in favor of privatization. He’s in favor of fiscal
austerity and the budgetary balances in state, if necessary, at the expense of
social programs for the poor, and in particular: at the expense of the one big
program that the Workers Party had set up which was something called the “bolsa
família” which is a subsidy to low income populations, provided they sent
their kids to school and which had actually delivered quite a bit of purchasing power to the lower classes in Brazil. Guedes was also in favor of
pension reforms. The Brazilian state pension system was considered far too
generous, and it needed to be curbed. He was also in favor of privatization:
getting rid of all of the state assets. In other words, Guedes was in favor of a
classic neoliberal program. And therefore with what the stock market was rallying
to was not Bolsonaro but Guedes’ possibility of being Finance Minister and the financial process that would be implicated. Now, what is disturbing about
this is, quite simply, that there seems to be an alliance emerging between
neoliberal economics on the one hand, and, if you like, right-wing populism on the
other hand. And this idea is something which starts to come out very strongly
when you start to look at comparative examples. For example, take the right-wing party that’s emerged in Germany since 2013, which is anti-immigrant,
xenophobic, nationalist, and it’s things, and rose from almost nothing in 2013 to being the 3rd largest party in the Bundestag now. And it had to
stand for some sort of economic program. So what was its economic program? They
were asked. And they just simply said it’s what the Germans called “ordoliberalism,” which is a German version of neoliberalism. It’s a German version because it’s not about free markets, it’s about state-guided free markets. State-guided free markets have been
at the center of the European version of neoliberalism and the German version of
neoliberalism all along, and essentially the Alternative for
Deutschland Party declared that its economic policy was going to be
neoliberal. So here you have two clear examples of far-right populist politics. Far-right populist politics which sometimes embraces what might be called
fascist – even Nazi – propaganda, in the German case, and starts to look as if
there is an alliance emerging then between this one-sided kind of
alternative populist-right movement and the neoliberal project on the other hand. So I thought that it would be interesting to look and say “well to what degree do we see this at work in the United States right now?” And to what
degree are we looking at an emergence of that alliance between the sort of
politics of Trump, which is kind of far-right to alternative, and embraces – doesn’t deny – Nazi influences, as we’ve seen in Charlottesville; doesn’t deny
some of the alternative-right politics of the Bannen sort, and at the same time
seems to have something to do with perpetuation of neoliberalism. And I
thought the example I would use here is because there is a
connection, but it’s an uneasy connection, and I wanted to concentrate very much on
this the uneasiness of this connection. Consider, for example, the general
argument I make: which is to say that neoliberalism has always been a project
of the upper-classes and the capitalist class. And it’s a project to sustain
their own wealth and power and, if possible, to augment their own wealth and
power and that the whole history of neoliberalism has been about that. And as
I’ve talked about in previous sessions, that neoliberalism has worked to
considerable degree so that the rich have become inevitably richer, and the poor have become either stagnant or have lost. So here’s then the situation. And the situation which we really need to look at. The example I want to use here is this: that it is, of course, hardly
in these times to give clear definitions of the class structure. Particularly when
we’re looking at the concept of the working class, because we have so much
temporary employment we have so much employment in the sort of service sector – the factories are not there in the same kind of way, at least in the United
States, they’ve all gone to China – so there’s a problem about that. But there’s
no problem when it comes, I think, to the capitalist class. And the example of the
capitalist class I want to use right now is the example of the Koch brothers. Now,
the Koch brothers are inherited, and this is a very private company but a very
large private company, Koch Industries. And they are very, very large. One of
the biggest corporations in the United States; and they’re a chemical
corporation but also a materials corporation, as almost everything we use
these days probably has a piece of Koch Brothers’ product in it. So they are very,
very widespread in terms of their industrial interests, but of course they
are hugely, hugely profitable. And not only are they hugely profitable, but the Koch brothers themselves are hugely, hugely wealthy. And so what kinds of
politics do the Koch brothers follow? The answer is: well, they are classically
neoliberal in many ways. They believe in free markets and free trade, they verge upon the libertarian kind of side of things. They want little
government intervention, they want a fiscal rectitude on the part of the
state. They do not want the state intervening. They do not like state
regulation and the like. But they are true to their colors in the sense that
they also actually have some somewhat progressive positions. They believe in
proper immigration, they believe in, for example, prison reform. And they believe
that tariffs not a good idea. Now, the two first of
these – immigration and prison reform – have a lot to do with deregulating and
opening up the labor market. Which of course is of great interest always to
the capitalist class, having free or open markets. The fact that a lot of
ex-prisoners could not work their way back into the labor force because of the
various restrictions they faced meant there was a certain inflexibility in the labor force, which the Koch brothers didn’t didn’t like.
have some seemingly progressive So they have some seemingly progressive positions amidst these other commitments to free markets and free trade, and lack of government intervention and the like. In the early stages the Koch brothers are actually on record as funding, to some degree, even the Tea Party. And they
supported the Republican Party very, very strongly, and have supported it to their
own advantage. In fact, just recently, one of the Koch brothers – and I’ve forgotten
exactly which one – said that the last 5 years have been the best 5 years ever
for Koch Industries, and for their particular interests, now it’s
interesting they said 5 years because that goes back before the Trump
election. Of course it refers to the the tail end of the Obama presidency,
when the Republicans controlled all the instruments in Congress and were able to
stop almost any kind of regulatory intervention on on the part of the
administration. They were able to stop any kind of expansion of the budget, and
so during those years the kind of the question of the budget was
paramount. The whole question of not extending the debt limit – and things
of that kind – were introduced into the political equation. So there are many
things of that kind which actually kept government out of introducing any more
levels of regulation. So for the Koch brothers this was absolutely fine.
The only thing that Obama could do was to actually legislate by executive order.
This is something that was roundly criticized by the Republican Congress,
saying he’s going “beyond the authority of the presidency” by, for example, banning
the mining on federal lands, and things of that kind. So, Obama issued a whole
series of regulatory orders about immigration, about mining, environment and all that sort of thing, which were not actually very much to the Koch brothers
liking, but what can be done by executive order can be undone by executive order.
So when Trump came in, one of the first things he did was to reverse
almost all of the executive orders – which was great for the Koch brothers – so that
climate change could no longer be talked about, the Environmental Protection
Agency wasn’t allowed even to mention the topic, regulatory controls of mining
on federal lands were reduced, drilling in the Arctic was opened up, offshore was
opened up…basically all the regulatory apparatus was of the finance was
gradually chipped away through executive order, and of course the executive orders
on immigration have also come into play. So
in a sense, what we’ve seen is that as far as the Koch brothers are concerned, the actual sort of politics that’s occurred over the last 5 years has
been extremely favorable to their interests, apart from the two issues
which they are very much interested in which are immigration and, of course not
only the immigration, but also budget questions and the like. So the Koch
brothers then have done okay out of the Republican control of
Congress. And it’s hardly surprising to find that actually the Koch brothers
have now set up a very large Political Action Committee – and it’s actually been
active for some time – and said that they’re going to put in something like $100 million dollars into the Republican campaign to maintain control
of both houses of Congress. So the Koch brothers, then, are fiercely,
fiercely behind the elections coming up in the United States.
But they’re actually doing two things which is kind of
interesting. They are not supporting those Republican candidates who are
strongly against immigration reform and who are in favor of the tariff wars
which the Trump administration is pushing. Now, clearly
from the standpoint of libertarian politics, and from a standpoint of
business, neither the tariff wars nor immigration controls are a good idea.
They – both of them – are interfering with the flows of goods and services and also
in the flows of labor. So from the standpoint of the Koch brothers, then,
those aspects of the Trump politics which are in favor of putting tariffs on
China and putting tariffs on Mexico and putting tariffs elsewhere; so actually
one of the things we’ve seen I think is a shrinking back of the Trump push on
tariffs. The tariff question has been really resolved now between Mexico and
between Canada. It’s a lot of sort of noise about how successful this has been
from a standpoint of the United States, but actually, it’s not that successful, and it’s not that great. There’s noise of agreements as well as tariff agreements with South Korea, there’s a tariff agreement now emerging.
I think gradually with the Europeans and we’ll probably see that accomplished. The
one place where there’s not going to be a tariff agreement is China, and clearly Trump is going to go after China. And that’s probably okay to
some level with some levels of business, but a lot of businesses in the United
States don’t like that either. So the tariff question it seems to me
that the Trump administration is pulling back, but the one area in which the Trump
administration has really pushed very hard was, of course, on tax reform. And the
tax reform was a huge giveaway to the corporations. A huge giveaway in which
Koch Industries benefited immensely. And not only the industries, but also
individually as as wealthy people. They benefited immensely. So this is again one
of the areas in which the Trump politics and the interests of the Koch brothers
have overlapped very clearly. So, look at the picture: the Koch brothers are
interested in tax reform and tax benefits…they’ve got it. They’re
interested in deregulation of everything, and they’ve got it. From environment to
regulation of this area they’ve pretty much got what they want. And this is
exactly the sort of politics which is occurring in Brazil – and almost certainly
will occur in Brazil – so that what we’re seeing then is this far-right support of
neoliberal projects and the increasing wealth of that of that class in society.
So the Koch brothers become, you know, hugely wealthy. Now, of course they cut
into that wealth by huge philanthropic engagements. And this is a way in which,
of course, the rich in the United States in particular, justify very much their
wealth. So if you go to the Natural History Museum here in New York City
what you’ll see in the hall of the dinosaurs is that you are in the Koch
brothers’ donation hall. And right throughout you find that actually all the kids who go and look at the dinosaurs look around and see that this
is all sponsored by the Koch brothers. Which is very good PR for the
Koch brothers, as being good citizens because they’re supporting this kind of
thing. Go to Lincoln Center and watch the ballet, and you’re watching the Lincoln Center in the Koch auditorium. Again what we see is this huge philanthropic game which the Koch brothers play in order to cultivate
public support and public awareness. So here you have the Koch brothers, then, as I think emblematic of what the capitalist class is about. And when
people say that it’s hard time to, sort of, define classes right now – I
don’t think it’s a hard time at all when it comes to the capitalist class. You
look at the Koch brothers and you look at other people, you look at Michael
Bloomberg. for example. Now, here is where things get interesting. The capitalist
class is not homogeneous. They all have the general kind of support of free
markets, free trade, you know, deregulation, privatization, cutting back
on fiscal rectitude, and all the rest of it. So they’re all homogeneus
about that, but then they have their own particular kinds of concerns. For
instance, the Koch brothers hate environmental regulation. They hate all
this chatter about climate change. And so that, they correspond very much to what
Donald Trump is kind of saying. So they’re very happy with what Donald
Trump says about that, and the fact that Donald Trump puts in charge of the
Environmental Protection Agency somebody who is a complete idiot and hates
environmental protection and that, therefore, is likely to make the EPA a dead institution. Michael Bloomberg, on the other hand, takes the climate change question seriously. So Michael Bloomberg is actually putting
in, he said, something like $100 million dollars to the support of
Democratic candidates, particularly those who are concerned about environmental
regulation and the like. So, okay. When I talk about neoliberalism and the
capitalist class, I’m not talking about a homogeneous capitalist class which
actually agrees on everything. They agree on a lot of things, but then there are
differences; so that Bloomberg is very much in favor of environmental regulation, he’s not in favor of financial regulation, and the Koch brothers are not in favor of financial regulation, he’s
not in favor of a large segment of the of the federal government being given
over to the support of the needs of low-income populations, and the Koch
brothers are like that, too. So when we talk about the capitalist
class, of course there are differences between them. So Michael Bloomberg is
different from the Koch brothers, but on the other hand, that’s what the
capitalist class is about these days. Those are the ones who effectively run
American politics, and I sometimes kind of say: look, I think we only have one
political party in the United States. We have two wings of that political party.
Let’s call it the political Party of Wall Street, and that the Party of Wall
Street governs. Now, one half of that party is sort of funded by the Koch
brothers, and that’s the Republican part. The other half is funded by Michael
Bloomberg, which is the Democratic Party side. Both of them dependent highly upon financing from the capitalist class. Both of them pushing for politics
which is about the support of a neoliberal project in general, with
specific divergences, that Michael Bloomberg is more interested in climate change, in questions of climate management. Koch brothers, not interested
in that. Both of them interested in the support of education, for example, but a
certain kind of education. The neoliberal education – the entrepreneurial education,
the cultivation of entrepreneurial spirit in school, and the Latin schools
and the like – so both of them support similar kinds of social projects. Both of
them. The Koch brothers being fairly kind of okay about certain kind of multiculturalism, being okay about certain kinds of social
concerns, about the rights of women in a very general kind of way, but
not too far. So here you have, if you like, this configuration of
economic power, which is intervening in politics and intervening important
political programs, but which finds itself right now actually in a situation
where the far-right and the far-right ethnonationalist politics – and neo-Nazi
politics actually, in the case of Germany, and certainly neo-military
dictatorship politics in the case of Brazil – is going to be supported by
the business community. What this suggests then, is that the business
community in general is actually, at this time, continuing its political support,
but it can no longer do so through conventional or neoclassic, neoliberal means as it did in the 1980s and 1990s, and cannot do so by simply
authoritarian politics, which it began to sort of embrace in the 2000s and
so on, and is now actually ready to embrace what might be called far-right, even near-fascist politics, and I’ve used the word fascism advisedly
because near-fascist politics, I think actually, what is involved here down the
line. And here I would remind you that Franco, Hitler, Mussolini all had certain
relationships with the big corporations, and worked very closely with the big
corporations over time. I’m not arguing that that is our future, but what
I’m arguing is that there are signs that the neoliberal project is in danger, and
is in difficulty, and those who pursue the neoliberal project among the big
business community are looking for mechanisms of support because they are
now very few. The last Oxfam report, for example, said that eight individuals now
control as much wealth as 50% of the world’s population put together. Now, 20 years ago they would say 340 individuals have that amount of wealth.
But now, it just got this increasing wealth which is, of course, what
neoliberalism was about all along. How it is justified these days, and how it will
be preserved these days, is the big question we have to face. And are we
going to tolerate this alliance between neoliberal politics and
neo-fascist kinds of political forms, which are beginning to emerge around the
world in this troubling kind of way. And we look at it, and we look at Bolsonaro in Brazil, Trump has these tendencies in the United States, we
look at Duterte, and we look at Erdogan, we look at Modi, we look at all of these
people, Orbán in Hungary, and so on. And we look at all of these people and we
begin to see that that is not, it seems to me, the kind of politics that we
really want to follow in the future. And this is a dangerous situation, and one
where it’s not going to be solved by going back to sort of Michael
Bloomberg’s Democratic Party, it’s going to be
absolutely solved by us finding a way out of the dilemmas of what the
neoliberal capitalist system has produced and what capitalism in general
is now producing. So with that, let me drop the story right here. We’ll take up
other things later on. Thank you for joining me today, you’ve been listening
to David Harvey’s Anti-Capitalist Chronicles, a Democracy at Work
production. A special thank you to the wonderful Patreon community for
supporting this project.


  1. Democracy At Work
    Democracy At Work February 14, 2019

    David Harvey's podcast is one of [email protected]'s newest podcasts! Support the show on Patreon:

  2. Oscar Baeza
    Oscar Baeza February 14, 2019

    Cool USOPEN jacket 😉 good interview!

  3. uttaradit2
    uttaradit2 February 14, 2019

    Looks like Karl Marx

  4. Tubmaster 5000
    Tubmaster 5000 February 14, 2019

    Apparently Bolsinaro's son is now under investigation.

  5. Run & Gun Basketball
    Run & Gun Basketball February 14, 2019

    Can you get this on Spotify?

  6. Paul Charles
    Paul Charles February 14, 2019

    Its like the spirit of Louis XI lives on the higher echelons of western politics!!

  7. Surud Patel
    Surud Patel February 14, 2019

    A very Educative & Interesting commentary on Brazil & US.

  8. BeakerTheVegan
    BeakerTheVegan February 14, 2019

    "Three dynastic wealth families – the Waltons, the Kochs, and the Mars – have seen their wealth increase nearly 6,000% since 1982. Meanwhile, median household wealth over the same period went down by 3 percent." From Billionaire Bonanza report 2018:

    In my lifetime, I expect to see the worlds first trillionaire. Maybe Bezos.

  9. Alex B
    Alex B February 14, 2019

    If there are any woke 1% people watching this, give this channel money on patreon. Build it up. Hard ROI gains are overrated.

  10. J GALT
    J GALT February 14, 2019

    I'm sorry but DID YOU HAVE A POINT? Was it a MARXIST point?
    When you are dealing with an unevolved and unintelligent species…."ist's and ism's"
    serve no purpose….
    And "seriously"…in favor of the "entrepreneurial spirit" in schools…..firstly, the entrepreneur's
    quit school, as soon as possible…..and secondly, that would suggest that they are "encouraging"
    competition…..which no member of the capitalist class, ( whomever that is ) has EVER done!
    But take "two hemlock" and call me in the morning….anti capitalism is EASY……a marxist solution to it
    that makes sense and gets it right……"priceless".

  11. Jordan Conley
    Jordan Conley February 14, 2019

    You destroy the definition of liberal. Be it new or old, liberal should mean the same thing, or at least have the same morals. What you call neoliberal should be called neoconservative. This is the shadow conservative movement. This is not liberal or progressive!

  12. Bulhakas
    Bulhakas February 14, 2019

    If he hadn't used Bolsonaro's surname, I would never have guessed he was referring to the man by the way he pronounced his first name.

  13. James Brown
    James Brown February 15, 2019

    Thank you for your service, well done, we liked it.

    But – if there is a but – how much has the production of wealth in the world decreased during the last 8 years by the concentration of capital in the hands of just eight instead of 340? Do we see a lack of wealth or is it 'just' a question of access to it? (1) And maybe we still see much of global competition, but not so much inside of national markets of the West 'Koch vs. Anti-Koch' (or even between the West in total but by it's big players) – but between Koch and his rivals in China?

    1 – and injecting some 'ordoliberalism' – as common in Europe, yes – into the u.s. system could help the American people to become their fair share of all that american wealth much easier?

  14. Potted Rodent
    Potted Rodent February 15, 2019

    Always insightful, thank you Professor Harvey!

  15. One Of Those Guys
    One Of Those Guys February 15, 2019

    I've not seen your show, is this new? I've really only seen wolff on here lol.
    Much love mate.

  16. Julie Gurley
    Julie Gurley February 15, 2019

    Unfortunately many working class people are too busy watching "sports" and "Trump" television that they don't know the truth of what David is saying and how important it is to resist these problems created by the oligarch billionaire corporate masters. I wonder to what extent these 6 or 24 people control the political world in Russia, the U.S. Brazil, China, India, Israel, the Arab world. I also know they do not often show their faces. I guess they don't have to if their dollars control the decisions of elections and what those elected officials do once in office. Propaganda is working very well. There hardly is anyone in the world whose ears are not connected to media 24/7/365. Eyes are also a big part of that control.

  17. P. Brooks McGinnis
    P. Brooks McGinnis February 15, 2019

    No More War

  18. Billy OldMan
    Billy OldMan February 15, 2019

    First he mentions the dinosaurs who allegedly lived under a much warmer climate with much higher CO2 concentrations (so we are told) and then he goes on to lament current day global warming. It's one or the other. Rational integrity is on the line.

  19. Wang Doodler
    Wang Doodler February 15, 2019

    If ya'll liked this but weren't familiar with the terms, go check out his books. "A Brief History of Neoliberalism" is good shit.

  20. David Schlessinger
    David Schlessinger February 15, 2019

    Donald Trump and the Koch brothers- Dinosaur oligarch plutocrat capitalists of yesteryear

  21. Nakhoda Azad
    Nakhoda Azad February 15, 2019

    Please insert accurate English subtitle until more people around the world can use these excellent videos and discussions

  22. Carmen Iglesias
    Carmen Iglesias February 15, 2019

    I call the political parties: D.E.M.O.R.E.P.U.B.L.I.C.A.N.S! Is the short way to call them!

  23. Carmen Iglesias
    Carmen Iglesias February 15, 2019

    We need to desmantle imperialism and neoliberalism!

  24. Unlucky Lucy
    Unlucky Lucy February 15, 2019

    Bolsonaro won because the workers party refused to support the labour party who won in third place. Nobody would vote for the workers party without Lula and after all the corruption scandals. This election was pretty similar to Bernie Sanders lost in 2016. The left elected Bolsonaro because they forgot one of the most important words in the socialist movement history: Unite.

  25. Mr. Pears
    Mr. Pears February 15, 2019

    This is brilliant! What I want to see next is a weekly discussion of this sort between David Harvey, Richard Wolff. It could be called the “Marx Brothers”

  26. Maria Schick
    Maria Schick February 15, 2019

    As long as the left continues unlimited immigration and transgender rights I can never vote for that.
    Transgender people have a 40% suicide rate these people need medical help not rights to use the same spaces our young children use.

  27. joão litos
    joão litos February 15, 2019

    The Americans are just insane…
    Rich people financing(rig) elections!!!
    Mad Mad 😂

  28. P Carr
    P Carr February 15, 2019

    It would be good to hear this analysis as it pertains to the institution of the EU, its neo-liberal nature and the likely consequences of the support it receives from much of what remains of the establishment Left in Europe.

  29. NonDelusional74611
    NonDelusional74611 February 15, 2019

    That nazis and fascism is a blemish on the LEFT, is a skillful PR move on behalf of the wealthy right wing

  30. MisterLister68
    MisterLister68 February 15, 2019

    I spent the majority of my life in the Matrix believing the Shit I was chasing after and eating was Steak and Lobster. I no longer believe that. The temptation is some how fall for it all over again to convince myself somehow that big piece shit they sell us is Steak and Lobster. It would be nice to have a large group of people I "think" our my friends again. Or Would It?

  31. MisterLister68
    MisterLister68 February 15, 2019

    We have to be remarkably careful with what we are doing and saying. Ideas of revolution only turn 360 degrees from one tyrant to another tyrant. There has to be an evolution, a collective encompassing growth of the people for any real change to happen and that takes hard work and dedication to not to ideologies and ideologues, but the actual "Golden Rule" and how it actually wins the race, not just an election or an argument.

  32. MisterLister68
    MisterLister68 February 15, 2019

    "Love your Enemies: For What Good Does It Do, To Love Those That Only Love You. " ~ The First Socialist of the Common Era.

  33. MisterLister68
    MisterLister68 February 15, 2019

    There are some very hard lessons to learn in life and sometimes learning the lesson is not enough. Being able to apply the principals you think are correct to your own life, might take several life times to perfect and not with any glory or great "victory " in any of them.

  34. israel is bad mkay tribal warfare is bad mkay
    israel is bad mkay tribal warfare is bad mkay February 15, 2019

    god we need more people like this.

  35. MisterLister68
    MisterLister68 February 16, 2019

    I am not an anti-capitalist, I am against anything that does not promote the social welfare of all, especially if it is not democratically arranged.

  36. MisterLister68
    MisterLister68 February 16, 2019

    I am a failure, If I can not recall what harm I have done to others and feel sorrow for it. Its doubled down, if continue to do nothing to amend my actions and continue to preach here.

  37. Tommy Williams
    Tommy Williams February 16, 2019

    what separates fascism from neo fascism. i thought fascism was anti liberal due to working for the state

  38. Dennis Young
    Dennis Young February 16, 2019

    "power does what power wills, and that is to increase its reach and potency."

    Koch: "I can do as I will, and you cannot stop me."

  39. darren alevi
    darren alevi February 16, 2019

    Bolsonaro supported by both the Obama and Trump administrations he is a US imperialist pawn and sadly I think will be kept in power for years to the detriment to the Brazilian people. If Lula wasn't locked up illegally he would have won.

  40. Reina Quintanilla
    Reina Quintanilla February 16, 2019

    Great points. Everything Is interconnected, for better or for worse.
    Just became a Patreon. Keep em coming Prof.

  41. public domain
    public domain February 16, 2019

    I know….every body knows….ShakeUp Doing good work,
    DAW. Connect the dots. Follow the money and shine a light.
    Join the battle and fight the good fight.

  42. Bitsof Bytes
    Bitsof Bytes February 17, 2019

    100th comment.Ethno-corporo?-mafia- org crime fam Religion$? Are is just a tool to purge any government thats functioning with fair share of taxes (not funding story telling at 50-60k a year?!)..ethics vs. poisons to their voters and taxpayers..

  43. Mats Holmberg
    Mats Holmberg February 18, 2019

    30:06 "So, with that, let me drop.. the mic."

    Thanks for a great episode, professor Harvey. The ties between neo-liberals and the fascists must be talked about more openly.
    One can wonder though – since fascism is capitalism in decay- if not neo-liberalism was a fascist project from the get-go. I mean, didn't we all know what the outcome would be of this unfettered capitalism?

  44. locolo Kuromanhs
    locolo Kuromanhs February 19, 2019

    Thank you!

  45. James Graham
    James Graham February 20, 2019

    Everybody knows in the lay language they use in general conversation. Not everybody knows in the officially accredited, professionally qualified language of legal practitioners…..that's legally enforceable.

  46. Liège Saboya
    Liège Saboya February 20, 2019

    Unfortunatelly , Brazil is now in the hands of the big corporations and the military to a point that are even chiefs of militias inside the government , a fascist one . Actually , giving support to the USA military overtrowing president Maduro .

  47. Magoodi Alsawi
    Magoodi Alsawi February 22, 2019

    That is terrific. I'm very glad that the icon Harvey is now part of democracy at work.

  48. Robert Covarrubias
    Robert Covarrubias February 25, 2019

    David Harvey is very impressive professional reporter of real facts, excellent individual. He is presenting Democratic Socialism in the correct perspective.

  49. Robert Covarrubias
    Robert Covarrubias February 25, 2019

    Professor David Harvey Is a treasure his need to educate the current corrupt politicains so maybe the can learn and do the right thing, hopefully if they have some good morals in their conscious capability to learn. He needs to conduct education classes for these idiot politicians to learn maybe so they can do the right thing.

  50. Charles Wilkson
    Charles Wilkson February 26, 2019

    More people know no matter your class, political beliefs, race, sex, education, religious belief system is going to protect you from being the X.

  51. jumpin jehosephat
    jumpin jehosephat February 27, 2019

    I hate a zipper on my beard. This man is legend.

  52. Souljahna
    Souljahna March 4, 2019

    I am so happy to see David Harvey is now a member of Democracy at Work. Please live forever!

  53. Bone
    Bone March 8, 2019

    This bloke is awesome. I got to this channel by looking for more information on China. Here in Australia we've had conservatives selling and gutting every public institution and giving it to the private sector. Our country is drying out from climate change and they are destroying our river system purely to move more public money to their capitalist associates.

  54. Jonn Izzik
    Jonn Izzik March 17, 2019






  55. djhbrown
    djhbrown March 26, 2019

    surely Fascist politics and unfettered Capitalism have always sung the same song?

  56. Steven Schneider
    Steven Schneider August 4, 2019

    Secretly, neoliberal "free markets" are all state-guided. It's just that the neoliberals in North America won't get the support of right-wing libertarians if they let that get out.

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